Asbjorn Karlsen (2018)
Geoforum 88, pp. 148-156
Abstract. The paper explores value chain governance through a discourse approach to an event which included an exhibition and a conference. This approach appears promising for investigating industries in their formative phase and is particularly relevant for new renewable energy sectors. By studying the European offshore wind value chain, the paper investigates the coupling between wind industries and offshore industries as an encounter of various conventions. The key speakers at the conference, particularly those from the utility companies, introduced new principles for organizing the value chains they are leading, in order to reduce costs, and turn the immature sector into a mature one. Their storyline of industrialization by standardization breaks, however, with the storyline demonstrated by the firms in offshore oil and gas, and maritime industries at the exhibition. The latter offshore suppliers find evidence of quality in their business history and their trust-based relations to their clients. Theoretically the paper contributes to the global value chain governance debate by offering another perspective on power. The discourse approach helps us explain how influential actors could enforce one convention over another. The paper contributes methodically by suggesting a discourse approach to events. Events appear as a significant arena for negotiating industry formation and convenient for researcher’s data gathering for text analysis.
Link to the review
Berliner Journal für Soziologie. 27(2), pp. 271–291.
Deserved – undeserved. The public discourse on inheritance tax in Germany and Austria
Abstract. Despite the significant impact of inheritance on perpetuating social inequality from one generation to the next, a majority of Germans and Austrians are opposed to an inheritance tax. In the present contribution, we investigate how opponents and proponents of such a tax justify their respective positions in order to understand the structure of the discourse on this issue. The paper draws on our content analysis of 3573 arguments, expressed in two online debates that were both triggered by in-depth interviews on the topic. The results confirm that a majority rejects an inheritance tax. Yet beyond this finding, the analysis of the respective justifications offers insights into the complex controversies this tax and the normative and functional questions it poses give rise to.
Mérité ou immérité? Le discours public sur les droits de succession en Allemagne et en Autriche
Résumé. En dépit de l’influence considérable de la transmission du patrimoine sur la reproduction des inégalités sociales entre générations, une majorité de la population allemande et autrichienne est opposée aux droits de succession. Cet article étudie la manière dont partisans et opposants aux droits de succession justifient leur position et examine ainsi les structures du débat sur la question. Il s’appuie sur une analyse du contenu de 3573 arguments exprimés sur deux forums de discussion en ligne qui ont été choisis à la suite d’entretiens approfondis sur le sujet. Les résultats obtenus confirment la thèse d’un rejet majoritaire des droits de succession. L’analyse des justifications proposées donne en outre un aperçu de la complexité des débats sur les problèmes normatifs et fonctionnels liés aux droits de succession.
Link to the review (in German)