Archives de catégorie : Offres d’emploi / Job offers

Doctoral researcher (80-100%) in the project “Algorithmic Sorting in Education” at Zurich University of Teachers Education

Job offer
Start: September 1st, 4 years fixed term contract.
The position is affiliated to the convention theorist Kenneth Horvath


Unravelling the interplay of pedagogical imaginaries & technological visions in the shaping of AI-based EdTech. The potential employment of AI-based technologies in school education has yielded considerable debate regarding their social consequences. Against this background, this study asks how actors from two key fields of practice – teaching and technology – envision and shape the role of algorithmic sorting in education. Building on French pragmatic sociology, the project employs a qualitative research strategy that combines focus groups (to unravel normative, pedagogical, and technological visions and assumptions that guide how actors reason about algorithmic sorting in education) with in-depth case studies (to investigate how these visions and assumptions relate to everyday professional practices). On this basis, the study promises to significantly further understanding of how AI-based tools might transform social sorting in education and will allow to identify key points to be considered for designing and using algorithmic sorting in an equitable and sustainable manner.

Research objective. One of the crucial trends in the digital transformation concerns the uses of artificial intelligence (AI). Although mostly still in a development stage, AI-based technologies have already yielded considerable debate regarding their social consequences. While proponents argue that AI-based sorting will enhance educational equity by radically personalizing teaching and learning, critical scholarship argues that algorithmic black-boxes might actually reinforce rather than abolish educational disadvantages. Whether or not AI-based technologies will ever develop into equitable and practicable pedagogical tools will depend on many choices made during their development and implementation. The problem that motivates the proposed project is that we know little about how these various decisions are made, negotiated, and justified. Against this background, this study asks how actors from two key fields of practice – teaching and technology – envision and shape the role of algorithmic sorting in education. Although the relations, intersections, and tensions between these two fields are crucial for understanding how educational technologies function as pedagogical and social devices, they have so far hardly ever been studied in their interplay.

Methodology. The project builds on French pragmatic sociology to grasp the complexity of normative considerations, socio-technical visions, institutional settings, technologies, and everyday work situations at play in these processes. The project employs a qualitative research strategy that combines two components: (A) Focus groups („qualitative experiments“) are organized to unravel normative, pedagogical, and technological visions and assumptions that guide how actors reason about algorithmic sorting in education. (B) In-depth case studies are conducted with participants from both fields to investigate how these visions and assumptions relate to everyday professional practices. On this basis, the study promises to significantly further understanding of how AI-based tools might transform social sorting in education and will allow to identify key points to be considered for designing and using algorithmic sorting in an equitable and sustainable manner.

Lien / Link

Job offer at the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences of the University of Lucerne

Job offer at the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences of the University of Lucerne, the Chair of Sociology
Qualitative and Quantitative Methods (Prof. Dr. Rainer Diaz-Bone) has a vacancy for a period of 5 years as of May 1, 2022, or by agreement, for the position of research assistant (50%) in the area of qualitative and quantitative methods.
Deadline for applications: 31 March 2022.

Job offer “Wissenschaftliche:r Mitarbeiter:in Bildungswissenschaftliche Forschung”

Job offer “Research Associate Educational Science Research” 

Job offer at the Pädagogische Hochschule Zürich. Die Stelle ist dem konventionentheoretisch arbeitenden Bildungssoziologen und Methodiker Kenneth Horvath zugeordnet, der ab dem 01.01.2022 an der PH Zürich eine Professur antreten wird.

Job offer at Zurich University of Teacher Education. The position is assigned to Kenneth Horvath, an educational sociologist and methodologist working in the field of convention theory, who will take up a professorship at the Zurich University of Teacher Education as of 01.01.2022.

“Diese Stelle ist inhaltlich Teil eines Forschungszusammenhangs, der sich dem Thema «Pädagogische Wissensordnungen im gesellschaftlichen Wandel» widmet. In diesem Rahmen zeichnet sich ein breites Spektrum an denkbaren Gegenständen für qualitative wie quantitative Forschungsarbeiten ab. Dazu zählen zum Beispiel sich verändernde Vorstellungen von Bildungs­qualität und -gerechtigkeit, Logiken der (Leistungs-)Bewertung und der sozialen Klassifikation im Bildungsalltag, Wahrnehmungen und Deutungen von (migrationsgesellschaftlicher) Diversität und Ungleichheit in schulischen Kontexten oder das Wechselspiel von politischen, pädagogischen und wissenschaftlichen Diskursen in Zeiten eines tiefgreifenden technologischen Wandels. Von besonderem Interesse sind darüber hinaus Arbeiten, die – an der Schnittstelle von Bildungs­wissen­schaften und Wissenschaftsforschung – sozialwissenschaftliche Wissensproduktion selbst empirisch in den Blick nehmen und diese in ihren vielfältigen Bezügen zu pädagogischer Praxis, Lehrer:innenbildung und Bildungspolitik analysieren.”

“In terms of content, this position is part of a research context dedicated to the topic of “Pedagogical Knowledge Orders in Social Change.” Within this framework, a broad spectrum of conceivable subjects for qualitative as well as quantitative research is emerging. These include, for example, changing notions of educational quality and equity, logics of (performance) assessment and social classification in everyday education, perceptions and interpretations of (migration-society) diversity and inequality in school contexts, or the interplay of political, educational, and scientific discourses in times of profound technological change. Of particular interest are also works that – at the interface of educational science and science research – empirically examine social science knowledge production itself and analyze it in its manifold relations to pedagogical practice, teacher training, and educational policy.”

Deadline: 31 October 2021

Postdoctoral Researcher: Politics and Ethics of Digital Health

Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen (Nederland)

Job announcement: the position is related to EC

  • 40 hours per week
  • Maximum gross monthly salary: € 5,127
  • Faculty of Philosophy, Theology and Religious Studies
  • Required background: PhD
  • Duration of the contract: 3 years
  • Application deadline: 20 August 2020

We are looking for
A postdoctoral researcher as part of the Digital Good project, an ERC-funded project led by Dr. Tamar Sharon. The position is for three years and four months, commencing as soon as possible after 1 September 2020. You should have a background in philosophy/ethics (of technology), science and technology studies, or critical data studies. Furthermore, you should be comfortable with a combination of conceptual and ethnographic work. Besides joining the Digital Good project, you will also actively contribute to the development of the iHub, the Interdisciplinary Centre for Security, Privacy and Data Governance. The Digital Good project explores the ethical and societal challenges associated with the ‘Googlisation of health’: the move of large consumer technology companies such as Alphabet, Apple and Amazon into the domain of health and biomedical research. Team members will conduct fieldwork to map, analyse and critically evaluate the different conceptions of the common good that motivate various stakeholders participating in research collaborations between consumer tech firms and public research institutions, drawing on the framework of ‘orders of worth’ developed by Boltanski and Thévenot in On Justification (2006). Fieldwork will take place at various sites in Europe and the USA. The empirical findings will be used to develop a normative framework for data governance in this context that can account for different and competing conceptions of the common good.  Team members will conduct independent research and contribute to the overall framework development. More information about the project ‘Digital Good – The Digital Disruption of Health Research and the Common Good: An Empirical-Philosophical Study’ can be found here.

We ask

  • PhD in philosophy (of technology), applied ethics, STS or critical data studies; candidates with other relevant backgrounds are also welcome to apply, provided their interests match the profile.
  • Demonstrable interest in digital society, data ethics, data governance and/or the political economy of data sharing.
  • Some experience carrying out empirical research (such as qualitative interviewing).
  • Strong capacity for critical reflection, creative thinking and conceptual clarity.
  • Willingness and ability to work in an interdisciplinary team.
  • Experience working on scientific projects (e.g. workshop/conference panel organisation).
  • Experience in the acquisition of internationally competitive funding is an advantage.
  • Excellent command of written and spoken English.

We are
You will be embedded in the Interdisciplinary Hub for Security, Privacy and Data Governance (iHub), and in the Department for Political Philosophy and Ethics at the Faculty of Philosophy, Theology and Religious Studies. The iHub is an interfaculty research centre bringing together philosophers, computer scientists, legal scholars, social scientists and ethicists. The hub’s mission is to develop state-of-the-art research to better understand the impacts of digitalisation on our social, economic and political worlds, and to help steer digital transformations in ways that promote the common good. The Faculty of Philosophy, Theology and Religious Studies (PTRS) has approximately 160 staff and 8 departments providing courses to some 750 students. You will work together with colleagues from various disciplines and on the basis of interfaculty collaboration. The Faculty has an inspiring academic climate. We continuously seek to innovate our socially relevant domain-specific and interdisciplinary education and research programmes. Responsibility, solidarity, care and commitment are values that characterise the Faculty’s culture.

Link to the job advertisement

Proposition d’un sujet de thèse en économie dans le cadre du Concours d’accès aux contrats doctoraux des établissements d’enseignement supérieur

Directeur de thèse : Christian Bessy, IDHE.S ENS Paris-Saclay,
Contact :

Titre : Le rôle des conseils en propriété industrielle dans la valorisation des brevets et la construction des marchés de technologie

Mots-clefs : Conseil en brevet, marchés de technologie, évaluation, politique d’innovation

Il existe aujourd’hui une littérature abondante sur le rôle des intermédiaires dans la construction des marchés de technologie, littérature qui se renouvelle aujourd’hui du fait du développement de plateformes numériques d’innovation ouverte. Mais peu est dit sur la place des conseils en propriété industrielle dans la construction de ces marchés de technologie et des différentes fonctions qu’ils accomplissent allant bien au-delà de la rédaction et du dépôt de brevet : mise en relation et rédaction des accords de licence, évaluation des titres de propriété industrielle, règlement des litiges en contrefaçon. Suivant une approche institutionnaliste en économie, ils participent à l’équipement des marchés en contribuant à la définition des catégories juridiques mais aussi des conventions en matière d’évaluation des titres de propriété industrielle et de langage de description des inventions techniques. Cette analyse pourrait s’inscrire dans l’écriture d’une histoire économique contemporaine du droit de la propriété industrielle prenant pleinement en compte le rôle de ces intermédiaires à côté de celui des juristes et des économistes (et des ingénieurs). Il s’agit de comprendre plus précisément depuis les années 1980 l’hyper valorisation que connaît le système de brevet et sa critique récente en matière d’innovation, au nom d’un « retour des communs », en examinant une voie explicative autre que celle qui repose sur le laxisme des offices de propriété industrielle conduisant les examinateurs à accorder des brevets de mauvaise qualité.

Le travail empirique commencerait par une série d’interviews auprès de ces intermédiaires avec la visée de déboucher sur une enquête statistique concernant leur mode d’organisation. Le doctorant pourrait s’appuyer dans un premier temps sur l’annuaire des Conseils en propriété industrielle qui permettrait de réaliser une première cartographie de ces intermédiaires (taille du cabinet, région d’implantation, activités (brevet, marque, dessin et modèle)). Dans un deuxième temps, l’idée serait de construire un échantillon représentatif de ces cabinets de conseil pour leur adresser un questionnaire statistique permettant d’appréhender les formes d’organisation et de gestion de leurs activités, ainsi que leurs stratégies de développement.

Différents indicateurs statistiques permettraient d’éclairer l’action collective de régulation de cette profession et de sa fusion éventuelle avec la profession d’avocats qui existe dans différents pays européens mais qui n’a pas vu le jour en France, malgré des tentatives allant de ce sens depuis une douzaine d’années.

The role of the industrial property attorneys in the valuation of patents and the construction of technology markets

Key words: Patent agents, markets for technology, valuation, innovation policy

Today there is an abundant literature on the role of intermediaries in building markets for patented technology. But little is said about the role of industrial property attorneys in the construction of these markets for technology and different functions they perform well beyond writing and filing of patent: matching between licensor and licensee and design of licensing agreements, assessment of industrial property titles, infringement litigation. Following an institutionalist approach in economics, they participate in the equipment of markets for technology contributing to the definition of the legal categories but also conventions of valuation of the titles of industrial property. This analysis could register in writing a contemporary economic history of the law of industrial property taking full account of the role of these intermediaries beside that of lawyers and economists (and engineers). It comes to understand more precisely since the 1980s the hyper development that knows the patent system and its recent criticism, on behalf of a ‘return of the Commons’, by examining one explanatory path other than that based on the laxity of the industrial property offices driving examiners to grant patents of poor quality. The empirical work would begin with a series of interviews with these intermediaries with the aim to lead to a statistical survey regarding their mode of organization, the way they develop their activities and they manage different resources or assets.