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The 11th EC / Sociology of Conventions Workshop (virtual)

Report by Mario Steinberg (Basel)

For the first time in a virtual format, the annual EC workshop took place from 06-07 May 2021. This year the event was organized by Regula Julia Leemann (FHNW Basel-Muttenz) and her team. The 11th EC / Sociology of Conventions Workshop was held under the working title « Quantification and Conventions ». However, contributions not explicitly related to the conference theme were also welcome.

Thursday 06 May 2021

After a welcome to the participants by the organizer, Lisa Knoll (University of Paderborn) introduced Eve Chiapello (École des hautes études en sciences sociales, Paris/Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin) for her keynote speech.

Eve Chiapello’s keynote was entitled « Impact and the fight against financialized conventions of quantification ». She presented a convention-based interpretation of the financialization of economy. With an analytical focus on the concept of « impact », Eve Chiapello showed how financial decisions come about, what role different actors (such as financial investors) play, and how the concept of « impact » can be framed in terms of conventionalist theory.

After Eve Chiapello’s keynote and a short coffee break, the program moved to the first slot in the plenary, « Quantification, digitization and convention research studies ». Regula Leemann, Sandra Hafner and Raffaella Simona Esposito (FHNW Basel-Muttenz) gave a speech about « Quantification and conventions in the governance of educational transitions (in Switzerland) ». They introduced into the topic of their ongoing SNSF-project and presented first conceptual questions on the relevance of numbers in governing transitions: What is the role of quantification in these processes of governance? In which situations numbers are important? Which instruments and technologies are applied? What forms of strategies and policies are enabled by quantification? What are the effects of quantification? Regarding convention theory they pointed to important theoretical concepts and methodological approaches as e.g. the statistical panopticism, statistical chains and the convention-based foundations of indicators.

After a short break, the program moved on to the next slot, « Show and Tell ». Valeska Cappel (University of Lucerne) and Carolin Kappler (FernUniversität Hagen) presented their current publication project « Gesundheit – Konventionen – Digitalisierung », which will be published by Springer VS, Book Series Soziologie der Konventionen (Eds. Rainer Diaz-Bone & Lisa Knoll). The publication has the significance of opening up a field of research for convention theorists that has hardly been transferred in German-language research on the sociology of convention: the field of health research. Valesca Capell and Karolin Kappler deliver a volume that connects the sociology of conventions and the plurality of conventions with digital transformation processes, which can be considered a novelty so far.

In the continued slot « Quantification, Digitization and convention research Studies », Kenneth Horvath (University of Lucerne) and Mario Steinberg (PH FHNW/University of Basel) first presented their planned research project « The politics and pedagogies of algorithmic sorting in education ». In their presentation, the authors trace the role that conventions play in the implementation of artificial intelligence and digitization, especially regarding the question of what impact the so-called technological transformation will have on concrete school practices.

In the last slot of the first day, « Comments and Reflection« , Rainer Diaz Bone (University of Lucerne) spoke about quantification from a conventionalist perspective. He gave an overview of fundamental principles of EC when considering quantification. Fundamental to understanding quantification processes is the EC’s view that measurements themselves are convention-related. Consequently, quantification as a black box can only be understood if not only the consequences, benefits and effects of quantification are considered, but also their origin and distribution. In addition, measurements create new realities. Only because measurements are based on conventions, they become a social practice and are tested, justified and challenged in collective actions. The plurality of data worlds allows for different ways of taking measurements – but (from a neopragmatist point of view) no measurement can claim universal validity. At the end of his talk Rainer Diaz-Bone presented the concept of analytical axes for the convention-based analysis of quantification-processes as a heuristic for the analysis of quantification processes (see screenshot below).

The first day of the conference ended with a virtual apéro at the meeting-platform wonder me. Here, the participants had the opportunity to exchange ideas about specific topics of the conference and about topics beyond the conference itself.

Friday 7 May 2021

Friday started with parallel sessions. In the session « Education Research Studies », Philipp Gonon (University of Zürich), Lorenzo Bonoli (Eidgenössisches Hochschulinstitut für Weiterbildung), Jackie Vorpe (Eidgenössisches Hochschulinstitut für Weiterbildung) and Lena Freidorfer-Kabashi (University of Zürich) started with their presentation on regional differences in the justification of Swiss VET education. Colleagues ask how and why regional differences in Switzerland’s VET system are possible. They identify different education regimes in dual VET that can explain cantonal differences. Following Eric Verdier, they describe a neo-comparativist regime for the canton of Zurich, a hybrid of market and academic regimes for the canton of Ticino and a universal regime for the canton of Geneva.

After a short coffee break, Leonie Bisang (University of Lucerne/FHNW Olten) talked about her dissertation project on the reproduction of social inequalities in the tertiary education market. In her lecture, she also wanted to find out how the sociology of conventions can help to understand social inequalities in the swiss university landscape in her dissertation project.

Afterwards, Matthias Alke (HU Berlin) presented on the formation and historical change of job profiles in public adult education. The focus of Matthias Alke’s lecture was the public discourse on adult education and questions of its professionalization. Professional action in adult education as a young phenomenon, Matthias Alke explains from the perspective of the EC how job advertisements (understood as formal investments) describe conventionally formed requirements for quality, activity and occupation.

In the parallel session « Labor Market Intermediaries /HR Practices / PHD Presentations » Julia Brandl (University of Innsbruck) reported on the role of the labor market in shaping wage expectations – using the example of job advertisements. The research project she presented asks to what extent mandatory salary information in job advertisements can reduce gender-specific, different salary expectations. From a conventional sociological perspective, job advertisements can be seen as mediators between employers and job seekers. Job advertisements as such not only present information, but also have a transformative influence on the recipients.

Dominik Zellhofer (Vienna University of Economics and Business) presented his paper based on his dissertation entitled « The people problem of information security: A CISO’s quest for compromise ». In his lecture, he asks how actors in organizations negotiate policies and how technology information security policies are influenced by them. To answer these questions, he draws on the concept of form investment, which comes from EC. Empirically, he takes look at key figures like the CISO (Chief Information Security Officer).

Afterwards Eva Nadai (HSA FHNW) spoke about the role of labor market intermediaries from a conventionalist perspective. She described forms of recruitment of the low-employed from a conventional sociological perspective with a focus on intermediaries. Her presentation focuses on labor market intermediaries as human actors, organizations and dispositives, the evaluation of the quality of labor, and the significance of form investment from an EC perspective.

After the lunch break, the parallel sessions « Methodology » and « Health – Mental Distress Research Study /Paper Presentation » started. In the first sessions (Methodology), Simon Schrör (University of Lucerne/Weizenbaum Institut Berlin) gave a talk on methodological implications of artifacts in pragmatist research. Simon Schrör’s lecture is about making artefacts fearful for the pragmatic analysis of situations in the Sociology of Conventions and also proposing them as an independent epistemological unit. According to this, artefacts represent an extension of the empirical view, which, however, does not dissolve the reference to the object. Using the example of changes in the Deign furniture industry, he shows how the artefact-based identification of situations is made empirical.

Later on, in the same session, Simon Weingärtner (HSU Hamburg) presented on « On the Micro- and Macro-Politics of Work and Employment ». His lecture takes as its starting point whether the effects of the current COVID-19 situation will lead to a situation similar to what Polanyi described as the « Great Transformation » in 1944. Guided by the theoretical focus of boundary work, he investigates the transformation of political fields. In order to derive the historical change, he concludes his lecture by presenting a heuristic of employment regimes and socio-political change, which ranges from the mid-20th century (mass production) through the late 20th century (collaborative production) to the end of the 21st century (platformization).

Meanwhile in the parallel session (Health – Mental Distress Research Study /Paper Presentation) Miriam Kutt (University of Lucerne) spoke about the conflict potential of damaged identities and the connection between practices of silence and conflict avoidance and stigmatization of mental illness. Her presentation was entitled « Das Konfliktkapital beschädigter Identitäten – Praktiken des Schweigens und der Konfliktvermeidung im Zusammenhang mit der Stigmatisierung psychischer Krankheiten » [« The Conflict Capital of Damaged Identities – Practices of Silence and Conflict Avoidance in the Context of Mental Illness Stigma. »]. She focused on the extent to which social structural conditions in situations of stigmatization and discrimination lead those affected to remain silent and avoid conflict. She also asked how these conditions need to be changed so that those affected can be normative, stand up for themselves and their peers, and thus engage for the common good. From the perspective of the sociology of conventions, she works with regime theory and the concept of conflict avoidance « closing ones eyes », following Thévenot.

Anna Gonon (FHNW Olten) then reports in her presentation, entitled « Integration as justification work: a conventionalist perspective on the occupational reintegration of employees with mental distress » on recent findings of her doctoral project in which she investigates the processes of interpretation and the logic of justification of mentally ill employees in companies. She takes a particular look at collective processes of interpretation and justification. From the perspective of the sociology of conventions, Anna Gonon looks at justifications as problems of action in integration work. The aim of her lecture was therefore to show the principles of the assessment of reintegration and the decision on continued employment from an EC perspective.

A coffee break later, the last program item of the conference « Show and Tell » began. Here, authors presented current publications around the sociology of conventions. Arne Böker (University of Halle-Wittenberg) started off by presenting his completed dissertation project « Über die Rechtfertigung von Begabtenförderung. Eine Diskursanalyse am Beispiel der Studienstiftung des deutschen Volkes » [On Justification of gifted education programs. A discourse analysis using the example of the German Academic Scholarship Foundation]. From the perspective of historical educational research, he examined how the Studienstiftung des deutschen Volkes [German Academic Scholarship Foundation] defined the criteria for the selection of its scholarship holders in terms of selection, promotion and social composition. Based on this, he empirically reconstructed the central used conventions, their stability and instability over time, as well as their relationship to problematizations and audits of the foundation itself.

In the following, Esther Berner (HSU Hamburg) reported on her research on the historical transformation of conventions in the shoe industry using the example of Bally and Bata in the period 1870-1940 (published in Journal of Vocational Education & Training, online). Esther Berner examines two large shoe companies in Switzerland, Bally and Bata, with regard to the constructions and changes of shoe quality in production worlds from a historical perspective. She particularly focuses on quality conventions (e.g. individuals, techniques, information) in her analysis. By examining the change in manufacturing processes and the qualification of employees, she is able to show the change, criticism and conflict of conventions in a period from 1870 to 1940.

The last contribution of the event was made by Julia Brandl (University of Innsbruck) and Arjan Kozica (University of Applied Science Reutlingen). They presented their forthcoming book, which will be published in the series Soziologie der Konventionen. The book will be published with the title « Betriebliche Personalpolitik. Eine konventionensoziologische Perspektive » [Workplace Human Resource Policies. A Sociology of Conventions Perspective.] In their work the authors apply the sociology of conventions-approach to human resource policies in economic companies. Julia Brandl reports (also on behalf of the excused Arjan Kozica) on their planned publication. It is aimed at students of economics and at practitioners of company personnel work and the structuring of company employment relationships. In doing so, they make the sociology of conventions fruitful for an understanding of business personnel policy. To this end, the book aims to establish practical links to the practice of business administration throughout, highlighting the significance of EC for company personnel policy as an alternative to established theories such as the Rational choice theory or social psychology.

At the end of the conference, all participants gathered again and looked ahead to the upcoming EC workshop which Christian Imdorf (Leibniz University of Hannover) will organize at Hannover. In summary we all look back on an instructive workshop, with new and exciting insights into current research on the sociology of conventions.

Many thanks to Regula Julia Leemann and her team for the organization of the 11th Sociology of Conventions Workshop!!!

«Revitalisierung» der Berufsbildung Der bildungspolitische Weg zur Institutionalisierung der Berufsbildung in der Schweiz als Verbundaufgabe in den 1990er Jahren

« Revitalization » of Vocational Education and Training The educational policy path to the institutionalization of vocational education and training in Switzerland as a collaborative task in the 1990s

Lea Hägi (2021)

PhD thesis. Zurich: University of Zurich.

Prof. Dr. Philipp Gonon (University of Zurich), supervisor/committee member
Prof. Dr. Rainer Diaz-Bone (University of Lucerne), reviewer/committee member
Dr. Maren Oepke (University of Zurich), assessor

Auszug: “1. Die berufliche Bildung in der Schweiz als Verbundaufgabe
Die berufliche Bildung in der Schweiz blickt auf eine Jahrhunderte alte Geschichte privatwirtschaftlichen Engagements zurück. […] Erst die jüngste Totalrevision der Bundesverfassung im Jahr 1999 ermöglichte es dem Bund das Bundesgesetz über die Berufsbildung auf alle nicht-akademischen – und damit auch nicht dem Gewerbe – Berufe auszudehnen. Vor dieser Verfassungsänderung erstreckte sich der Geltungsbereich des Bundesgesetzes über die Berufsbildung nur auf die Berufe der Wirtschaftszweige Industrie, Handel, Gewerbe, Forstwirtschaft und Hauswirtschaft, während Gesundheit, Soziales, Kunst und Berufe des öffentlichen Dienstes (Bahn, Post, Zoll, Polizei) der kantonalen Rechtsprechungen unterstellt waren (Gemperli, 1997; Wettstein, 1987; Wettstein & Gonon, 2009). […] In Bezug auf die berufliche Bildung war man sich zu Beginn der 1990er Jahre im Grundsatz nur einig, dass die Aufgabenverteilung zwischen Bund und Kantonen entflechtet, beziehungsweise gesetzgeberische Kompetenzen eindeutig dem Bund oder den Kantonen zugewiesen, und die Finanzströme vereinfacht werden sollten. Ob der Bund seine gesetzgeberische Kompetenz aber behalten oder die berufliche Bildung in die Verantwortlichkeit der Kantone übergehen sollte, war hingegen umstritten. Nicht weniger als das tragende Grundprinzip der geteilten Verantwortlichkeit im Bereich der beruflichen Bildung wurde radikal in Frage gestellt. Dieses Moment der Kritik und der Kontroverse bietet hier eine seltene Gelegenheit die Legitimation und Gestaltung der Grundpfeiler der schweizerischen Berufsbildung im Detail analysieren und verstehbar machen zu können. […]

2.1. Theoretische Annäherung: Die Economie des Conventions
Für die theoretische Auseinandersetzung mit den im Rahmen der vorliegenden Arbeit aufgeworfenen Fragestellungen der Legitimation der geteilten Verantwortlichkeit im Bereich der beruflichen Bildung, wird mit dem im Kern institutionentheoretisch begründeten Ansatz der Economie des Conventions (kurz EC) gearbeitet. Der interdisziplinär geprägte Ansatz wird auch als wissenschaftliche Bewegung bezeichnet und der neuen französischen Wirtschaftssoziologie zugeordnet (Diaz-Bone, 2018). Als zentrale Grundlagenwerke zur EC werden oft die Beiträge von Luc Boltanski und Laurent Thévenot (Boltanski & Thévenot, 1991) sowie jener von Robert Salais und Michaël Storper (Salais & Storper, 1993) bezeichnet. Die EC ist allerdings genauso geprägt von einer Vielzahl an Forschungsbeiträgen, die als Quellen für diese Grundlagenwerke dienten wie beispielsweise die Beiträge von François Eymard-Duvernay (1986) zu Produktqualitäten, von Robert Salais, Nicolas Baverez und Bénédicte Reynaud (1986) zur Entstehungsgeschichte des Wandels der Kategorie der Arbeitslosigkeit, von Robert Salais und Laurent Thévenot (1986) zur Kategorie der Arbeit, oder von Laurent Thévenot (1986) zu Forminvestitionen, die auch im Rahmen der vorliegenden Arbeit eine grosse Rolle spielen werden. Des Weiteren ist die Bewegung der EC aber ebenso geprägt von Beiträgen, die an die Grundlagenwerke anknüpfen und die aufgeworfenen Grundideen weiterentwickeln.” (p. 1/2/3/21)

Extract: « 1. vocational training in Switzerland as a joint task.
Vocational education in Switzerland looks back on a centuries-old history of private-sector involvement. […] It was not until the recent total revision of the Federal Constitution in 1999 that the Confederation was able to extend the Federal Law on Vocational Education and Training to all non-academic – and thus also non-trade – professions. Prior to this constitutional amendment, the scope of the Federal Law on Vocational Education and Training extended only to occupations in the economic sectors of industry, commerce, trade, forestry, and home economics, while health, social services, arts, and public service occupations (railroads, postal services, customs, police) were subject to cantonal jurisdictions (Gemperli, 1997; Wettstein, 1987; Wettstein & Gonon, 2009). […] With regard to vocational education and training, at the beginning of the 1990s there was in principle only agreement that the distribution of tasks between the federal government and the cantons should be unbundled, that legislative competences should be clearly assigned to the federal government or the cantons, and that financial flows should be simplified. However, whether the federal government should retain its legislative competence or whether vocational education and training should become the responsibility of the cantons was a matter of dispute. Nothing less than the fundamental principle of shared responsibility in the area of vocational education was radically called into question. This moment of criticism and controversy offers a unique opportunity to analyze and understand in detail the legitimacy and design of the basic pillars of Swiss vocational education. […]

2.1 Theoretical Approach: The Economie des Conventions
For the theoretical examination of the issues raised in the context of the present work on the legitimacy of shared responsibility in the field of vocational education and training, we will work with the approach of the Economie des Conventions (EC for short), which is at its core based on institutional theory. This interdisciplinary approach is also referred to as a scientific movement and is classified as part of the new French economic sociology (Diaz-Bone, 2018). The contributions of Luc Boltanski and Laurent Thévenot (Boltanski & Thévenot, 1991) and that of Robert Salais and Michaël Storper (Salais & Storper, 1993) are often referred to as key foundational works on EC. However, the EC is equally characterized by a large number of research contributions that served as sources for these foundational works, such as the contributions of François Eymard-Duvernay (1986) on product qualities, of Robert Salais, Nicolas Baverez and Bé-nédicte Reynaud (1986) on the genesis of the change in the category of unemployment, by Robert Salais and Laurent Thévenot (1986) on the category of work, or by Laurent Thévenot (1986) on form investments, which will also play a major role in the context of the present work. Furthermore, however, the EC movement is equally characterized by contributions that follow up on the foundational works and further develop the basic ideas raised. » (p. 1/2/3/21)

The un/making of forms. Formographic inquiries into practice, accountability, and infra-critique

International workshop organized by Ingmar Lippert (IT University Copenhagen) and Susann Wagenknecht (Technical University Dresden)
at Technical University of Dresden 2-3 September 2021

Program Extract: “[…] As formality is made and unmade (Smart et al. 2017), forms help organize far-flung coordination and gain salience as prerequisite of accountability. They furnish the yardsticks of critique. With this workshop, we draw attention to the situated relation of form and critique that emerges from the ever changing tangle of practice. We suggest exploring « infra-critiques »—critiques ‘from within’ shifting forms of life (Verran 2014, Jaeggi 2018). Analyses of critique ‘from within’ emphasize the multiplicity and limitations of formal assessment. They help examining how in/form/alities boost and marginalize different modes of benchmarking and evaluation, denunciation and appraisal, determination and indetermination (Boltanski & Thévenot 1999). Requirements for specific in/form/ation, e.g., can feed authoritative regimes of control while effectively undermining accountability and attenuating critique (Lippert 2018). Against this backdrop, we are interested in formographic inquiries that problematize the enactment of form as a fixed, detached point of reference. […]
The workshop will take place at the Technical University Dresden, Germany, September 2-3, 2021. The workshop is designed as collective learning process, focusing on submissions that rely upon ethnographic materials to engage in the nexus of form, practice, critique, and accountability. To this end, we ask participants to circulate workshop papers (2,000w), accompanied by a digitally reproducible object (with permissions), prior to the workshop.

Link to the complete presentation

Hochschulzertifikate in der wissenschaftlichen Weiterbildung: Ordnungs-, Gestaltungs- und Lösungspotenziale

University certificates in academic continuing education: potentials for order, design and solutions

Research project

Deutsche Zentrum für Hochschul- und Wissenschaftsforschung

Projektbeschreibung. Wichtige Beobachtung im Kontext des Bund-Länder-Wettbewerbs „Aufstieg durch Bildung: offene Hochschulen“ ist eine Weiterentwicklung des Studienformats ‚Zertifikatsangebot‘ sowie die damit einhergehende partielle Verwendung eines aus dem Schweizer Hochschulsystem stammenden Ordnungs- und Akkumulationssystems. Es stellen sich die Fragen, ob diese Beobachtungen für andere Hochschulen bestätigt und möglicherweise generalisiert werden können, worauf die Entwicklungen zurückzuführen sind und wie sie begründet bzw. legitimiert werden. Auf dem Hintergrund des erst im Rahmen des Bologna-Prozesses eingeführten Typs ‚weiterbildender Master‘ ist zudem das Verhältnis von Zertifikatsabschlüssen und akademischem Mastergrad von bildungspolitischen Interesse.
Methodologisch wird das aus Grundmitteln finanzierte Anforschungsprojekt einerseits an Ansätze der neoinstitutionalistischen Organisationstheorie anschließen, mit denen neben Fragen der Legitimation auch die der Isomorphie in den Entwicklungen erklärt werden können, sowie andererseits an die Économie des conventions. Letztere erscheint geeignet, um die Begründung von Investitionen in neue Bildungsformate zu untersuchen sowie Dimensionen der Ökonomie eines Bildungsmarktes und seiner Handlungskoordination am Beispiel der wissenschaftlichen Weiterbildung zu identifizieren.

Projektbeginn: 01.04.2021 – Projektende: 31.12.2021
Projektleitung: Dr. Walburga Katharina Freitag

Project description. Important observation in the context of the federal-state competition « Advancement through Education: Open Universities » is a further development of the study format ‘certificate offer’ as well as the accompanying partial use of an order and accumulation system originating from the Swiss higher education system. The questions arise whether these observations can be confirmed and possibly generalized for other higher education institutions, what the developments are due to and how they are justified or legitimized. Against the background of the type of ‘continuing education master’s degree’ introduced only in the context of the Bologna Process, the relationship between certificate degrees and academic master’s degrees is also of interest in terms of educational policy.
Methodologically, the research project, which is financed by basic funds, will be linked to approaches of neoinstitutionalist organization theory, which can be used to explain questions of legitimacy and isomorphism in developments, as well as to the Économie des conventions. The latter seems suitable to investigate the justification of investments in new educational formats as well as to identify dimen-sions of the economy of an educational market and its coordination of actions using the example of scientific continuing education. »

Project start: 01.04.2021 – Project end: 31.12.2021
Project Management: Dr. Walburga Katharina Freitag

Congress of the Swiss Sociological Association (SSA) “Social justice in times of uncertainty”

Online, hosted at Geneva 28-30 June 2021.

 

Events related to EC:

1a) SEMI-PLENARY SESSIONS III.1 ECONOMICS AND SOCIOLOGY OF CONVENTIONS. A NEOPRAGMATIST APPROACH TO INEQUALITIES AND PLURALITIES
Organizers: Jean-Michel Bonvin (University of Geneva), Diaz-Bone Rainer (University of Lucerne)

Wednesday 30 June, 09:00 – 10:30

  • Peter Wagner (University of Barcelona)
  • Philipp Batifoulier (University of Paris Sorbonne Nord)
  • Jean-Michel Bonvin (University of Geneva)
  • Rainer Diaz-Bone (University of Lucerne)

1b) Paper-Session B7: SOCIAL INEQUALITIES AND ORDERS OF JUSTIFICATION IN THE HEALTH CARE SYSTEM
Organizers: Rainer Diaz-Bone (University of Lucerne), Valeska Cappel (University of Lucerne)

Monday 28 June, 15:00 – 16:30

  • Karolin Kappler (FernUniversität Hagen), Valeska Cappel (University of Lucerne): Trade-offs and conflicting goals in the digitization of health – Presentation of the anthology « Health – Conventions – Digitization”.
  • Stefan Janković (University of Belgrade), Milica Resanović (University of Belgrade): Breaking through the Pandemic Incertitudes: From Hazy Health Care Instruction to Commensuration of Worths among Serbia’s Young Professionals.
  • Giovanni Matera (EHESP French School of Public Health): Hospitality, Migration and Mental Health. Engaging a pluralist perspective to study the treatment of migrant persons suffering from mental illness.

1c) Paper-Session C.7 ENGAGING PLURALIST PERSPECTIVES IN CIVIC INTERVENTIONS: NEOPRAGMATISM AND SOCIAL RESEARCH», Organizers: Rainer Diaz-Bone (University of Lucerne), Kenneth Horvath (University of Lucerne), Guy Schwegler (University of Lucerne), Simon Schrör (Weizenbaum Institute,  Humboldt University Berlin)

Tuesday 29 June, 10:45 – 12:15 (Session 1 of 2)

  • Kenneth Horvath (University of Lucerne): Invoking controversy, deciphering normativities: the method of “qualitative experiments” and the objectives of critical social research after the pragmatic turn
  • Anke Schad-Spindler (University of Vienna), Stefanie Fridrik (University of Vienna), Oliver Marchart (University of Vienna), Friederike Landau (Radboud University Nijmegen): Venturing into pandemic cultural policy conflicts.
  • Guy Schwegler (University of Lucerne): A different theory, a different culture? Considering ontologies of cultural production in light of performativity

Tuesday 29 June, 15:00 – 16:30 (Session 2 of 2)

  • Simon Schrör (Weizenbaum Institute, Humboldt University Berlin): Scientific Investigations as Part of Practical Discourses? Pluralities of engagement in professional debates on copyright reform.
  • Sinisa Hadziabdic (Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies, Cologne): Living and Dying with Your Own Ideas? Generational Replacement vs. Within-Individual Paradigm Change among Economists

 

Congress program

Faire digitale Dienste: Ko-Valuation in der Gestaltung datenökonomischer Geschäftsmodelle (FAIR­DIENSTE)

Fair digital services: co-evaluation in the design of data-economic business models

New research project, from 02/2021 to 02/2024 at University of Kassel

Motivation, Ziele und Vorgehen. Unternehmen, die digitale Produkte oder Dienstleistungen vermarkten, stehen oft vor dem Dilemma, dass ihr Interesse und ihr Bedarf an Kundendaten dem Wunsch der Kundinnen und Kunden nach Privatheit entgegensteht. Für Verbraucherinnen und Verbraucher bedeutet es einen Eingriff in ihre Selbstbestimmungsrechte, wenn sie zu viele Daten preisgeben müssen oder durch digitale Überwachung in ihrem Verhalten unbemerkt gelenkt werden. Im Projekt „Faire digitale Dienste: Ko-Valuation in der Gestaltung datenökonomischer Geschäftsmodelle (FAIRDIENSTE)“ wird dieser Strukturkonflikt zum Anlass genommen, verschiedene Wege der fairen Vermittlung von Werten im Zuge der Geschäftsmodellgestaltung mit soziologischen und  (wirtschafts-)informatischen Ansätzen auszuloten und in Beziehung zu setzen. […] Das soziologische Teilvorhaben greift insbesondere auf die Forschungsrichtung der Soziologie der Konventionen zurück. Diese betont, dass monetäre Wertgesichtspunkte nicht die einzigen Maßstäbe zur Wertvermittlung sind; vielmehr geht es im Rahmen komplexer gesellschaftlicher Zusammenhänge stets um die Koordination und Vermittlung einer Pluralität von Wertgesichtspunkten.

Abstract. Companies that market digital products or services often face the dilemma that their interest in and need for customer data conflicts with their customers’ desire for privacy. For consumers, it means an encroachment on their rights of self-determination if they have to disclose too much data or are guided in their behavior unnoticed by digital surveillance. In the project « Fair digital services: co-evaluation in the design of data-economic business models (FAIRDIENSTE) », this structural conflict is taken as an opportunity to explore and compare different ways of fairly communicating values in the course of business model design using sociological and (business) informatics approaches. […] The sociological sub-project draws in particular on the research direction of the sociology of conventions. This emphasizes that monetary value points of view are not the only yardsticks for the mediation of value; rather, within the framework of complex social contexts, it is always a matter of coordinating and mediating a plurality of value points of view.

Formation et dynamiques d’une catégorie de marché alternatif : une approche sociogénétique et ethnographique des musiques indépendantes

Boris Collet (2020)

Thèse en sciences de gestion, soutenue le 3 décembre 2020 à l’université de Rouen Normandie

Jury:
M. Éric RÉMY, Professeur / Université Toulouse III, Codirecteur de thèse
M. Renaud GARCIA-BARDIDIA, Professeur / Université de Rouen Normandie, Codirecteur de thèse
M. Philippe ROBERT-DEMONTROND, Professeur / Université de Rennes I, Rapporteur
Mme Dominique ROUX, Professeure / Université de Reims, Rapportrice
M. Baptiste CLERET, Maître de Conférences / Université de Rouen Normandie, Examinateur
Mme Delphine DION, Professeure / ESSEC Business School, Examinatrice
Mme Nil ÖZÇAĞLAR-TOULOUSE, Professeure / Université de Lille, Examinatrice
M. Joonas ROKKA, Professeur / EM Lyon Business School, Examinateur

Résumé. Au cours des dernières décennies, la notion d’indépendance s’est imposée dans un grand nombre de secteurs des industries culturelles et créatives. Dans cette thèse, nous nous intéressons à l’émergence de la catégorie indépendante au sein du marché musical et à ses dynamiques avec la catégorie dominante en mobilisant les apports théorico-méthodologiques de la sociologie pragmatique dans l’articulation de trois concepts interreliés – marché(s), intermédiation et valeurs. À cet effet, nous avons mené une ethnographie multi-située de quatre ans au contact des acteurs de la scène musicale afin de mettre au jour les principes sous-jacents, c’est-à-dire les fondements axiologiques, qui caractérisent l’indépendance en tant que catégorie culturelle, économique et artistique. En parallèle, nous avons procédé à une analyse sociohistorique afin de comprendre l’émergence et le développement de cette catégorie de marché et d’en établir une périodisation. Nos analyses permettent d’établir que l’indépendance est le lieu de tensions entre plusieurs représentations et d’affrontements idéologiques. De plus, elles confirment le rôle des intermédiaires et de leurs dispositifs dans la catégorisation des marchés et la valorisation des biens. En situant cette recherche au croisement des théories culturelles de la consommation (CCT) et du macromarketing, nous concluons en discutant de la marchandisation de la culture et des formes alternatives de marketization. Nous exposons également les implications pour les acteurs du marché et les institutions dans la mise en place de stratégies commerciales et de politiques culturelles en faisant valoir les spécificités de l’indépendance en tant que mode de production et de consommation alternatif. Cette recherche ouvre ainsi la voie à l’étude des perspectives éthiques de la consommation culturelle.

Extrait. “L’approche conventionnaliste des marchés dont nous nous inspirons fait le lien entre valeurs et marchés en s’intéressant à la variété de modes de coordination (Eymard-Duvernay, 2006). En parallèle, d’autres auteurs de ce courant mettent en avant le rôle des intermédiaires et des dispositifs dans la formation des marchés (e.g., Bessy et Chauvin, 2014 ; Chiapello et Godefroy, 2017 ; Karpik, 2007). En effet, les intermédiaires sont des acteurs centraux de la formation de catégories de marché (Durand et Thornton, 2018 ; Khaire, 2017b). L’intermédiation contribue ainsi à la fois à la création de nouveaux marchés et à définir de nouvelles conventions d’évaluation. L’objectif de cette recherche est donc de mieux comprendre la catégorie indépendante, ses conventions, les cadres d’évaluation qui la sous-tendent et le rôle joué par les différents acteurs et dispositifs du marché dans sa genèse, sa diffusion et sa stabilisation (Bessy et Chauvin, 2013). À ce titre, il est question de mettre au jour les principes axiologiques de l’indépendance à partir des apports théoriques et méthodologiques de la sociologie compréhensive et pragmatique des valeurs (Boltanski et Thévenot, 1991 ; Heinich, 2017a).”

Formation and dynamics of an alternative market category: a sociogenetic and ethnographic approach to independent music

PhD thesis. Rouen: University of Rouen

Abstract. Over the past few decades, the notion of independent has become established in many sectors of the cultural and creative industries. In this thesis, we examine the emergence of the independent category within the music market and its dynamics with the dominant category by mobilizing the theoretical-methodological contributions of pragmatic sociology in the articulation of three interrelated concepts – market(s), intermediation and values. To this end, we conducted a four-year multi-site ethnography in contact with actors of the music scene in order to uncover the underlying principles, i.e., the axiological foundations, that characterize independence as a cultural, economic, and artistic category. At the same time, we carried out a socio-historical analysis in order to understand the emergence and development of this market category and to establish its periodization. Our analyses allow us to establish that independence is the site of tensions between several representations and ideological confrontations. Moreover, they confirm the role of intermediaries and their devices in the categorization of markets and the valuation of goods. By situating this research at the crossroads of cultural theories of consumption (CCT) and macromarketing, we conclude by discussing the commodification of culture and alternative forms of marketization. We also outline the implications for market actors and institutions in the implementation of commercial strategies and cultural policies, highlighting the specificities of independence as an alternative mode of production and consumption. This research paves the way for the study of the ethical perspectives of cultural consumption. »

Extract. “The convention theorist approach to markets from which we draw inspiration links values and markets by looking at the variety of modes of coordination (Eymard-Duvernay, 2006). At the same time, other authors of this trend highlight the role of intermediaries and mechanisms in the formation of markets (e.g., Bessy and Chauvin, 2014; Chiapello and Godefroy, 2017; Karpik, 2007). Indeed, intermediaries are central actors in the formation of market categories (Durand and Thornton, 2018; Khaire, 2017b). Intermediation thus contributes both to the creation of new markets and to the definition of new evaluation conventions. The objective of this research is therefore to better understand the independent category, its conventions, the evaluation frameworks that underlie it and the role played by the different actors and devices in the market in its genesis, diffusion and stabilization (Bessy and Chauvin, 2013). As such, the axiological principles of independence are to be brought to light based on the theoretical and methodological contributions of the comprehensive and pragmatic sociology of values (Boltanski and Thévenot, 1991; Heinich, 2017a).”

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De la co-détermination à l’éco-détermination

Conférence d’Olivier Favereau, 15/01/2021, Science Po Alumni. YouTube

Même si loi PACTE vient de faire évoluer substantiellement la gouvernance des entreprises, les réflexions se poursuivent pour transformer le cadre de gouvernement des entreprises afin de résoudre les crises profondes actuelles. Olivier Favereau y contribue en plaidant dans son rapport à l’Organisation Internationale du Travail pour que la co-détermination déjà présente dans d’autres pays comme l’Allemagne ou la Suède fasse plus largement « descendre l’exigence démocratique au sein des entreprises », condition du succès selon lui de la transition écologique. Il apparaît en effet que les stratégies de « soft law » ne sont pas à la hauteur des mutations aujourd’hui nécessaires pour résoudre les crises. En effet la puissance des forces économiques, sociales ou politiques déclenchées mondialement par les bouleversements en cours nécessite que le cadre légal de gouvernance des entreprises soit revu en profondeur.
C’est à cette prise de recul et à ce débat que nous invite Olivier Favereau.

Even if the PACTE law has just substantially changed corporate governance, discussions are continuing to transform the corporate governance framework in order to resolve the current deep crises. Olivier Favereau contributes to this by pleading in his report to the International Labor Organization for the co-determination already present in other countries such as Germany and Sweden to « lower the democratic requirement within companies », a condition for the success of the ecological transition, according to him. In fact, it appears that « soft law » strategies are not equal to the changes that are now necessary to resolve crises. Indeed, the economic, social and political forces unleashed worldwide by the current upheavals require that the legal framework of corporate governance be thoroughly reviewed.
Olivier Favereau invites us to take a step back and to engage in this debate.

Lien vers la vidéo YouTube/ Link to YouTube video

Collective Firms between Collective and Company

Nina Pohler (2020)

PhD thesis. Berlin: Humboldt Universität

Disputation on 04.12. 2020

Jury:
Prof. Dr. Christian Kassung
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dr. Sabine Kunst
Prof. Dr. Karin Lohr
Prof. Eeva Luhtakallio

This thesis wants to understand how alternative firms deal with the complexity of balancing different rationalities in their intraorganizational coordination, in the absence of formal hierarchies. In a comparative case study of three small, democratically governed collective firms, the relationship between coordination and morality is analyzed. The majority of research on collective firms focuses on democratic governance structures, which risks to underestimate the importance of coordination that is based on intimate knowledge and personal relations. This is especially important to understand collective firms, which are dependent on lateral accountability and cooperation between their members. Consequently, this work is informed by the work of Laurent Thévenot which allows to understand coordination based on different levels of generalization. The results of this thesis contribute to three different areas of research: First, contributions are made to the field of valuation studies, by further developing insights on the notion of the test. The thesis also points out the central role of legitimate principles of difference and equivalence for successful commensuration, and the tension between particularity and generalization in standardizing evaluation devices. Second, the study contributes insights for scholarship on coordination and morality in organizations. It demonstrates that considering coordination based on different degrees of generality yields important insights on intraorganizational coordination. Finally, this study contributes to scholarship on cooperatives and collectivist organizations. The often noted duality of collective firms is reframed as the need to balance and mediate different modes of coordination. The study develops a heuristic concept, the composite relation, which explains how collectives are held together despite their central tension between particular and collective goods.

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Les arrangements du quotidien : comment les acteurs locaux reconfigurent les politiques publiques : Analyse de la mise en oeuvre d’un Programme de Réussite Educative

Laurie Sompayrac (2020)

PhD thesis. Université de Limoges

Thèse sous la direction de Dominique Gay-Sylvestre et Maryan Lemoine présentée et soutenue le 17 Novembre 2020

Jury:

M. Choukri Ben Ayed, Professor of Sociology, University of Limoges
M. Dominique Broussal, Professor of educational science, University of Toulouse
Mme Michèle Guigue, professor em. of educational science, University of Lille M. Sébastien Pesce, Professor of educational science, University of Orléans

Résumé. Les politiques publiques affichent des objectifs, pensent et produisent des injonctions qui ont pour but de cadrer l’action publique territorialisée. A l’étude nous avons cependant pu constater que ces développements ne se soucient pas toujours des capacités et des potentialités de compréhension, d’appropriation et de mise en œuvre, non seulement des objectifs, mais aussi des modalités pour traduire cette action publique sur le terrain. Les opérateurs font en effet face aux urgences de mettre en œuvre les injonctions dans des délais relativement courts, qui ne leur laissent que peu de temps pour comprendre les enjeux, problématiser et construire l’ingénierie la plus adéquate pour mettre en œuvre l’action publique territorialisée. A travers notre démarche méthodologique d’inspiration ethnographique, nous avons voulu observer comment les acteurs au quotidien ont alors à inventer, au-delà des cadres et des règlements préétablis, des pratiques et une mise en ordre de l’action publique territorialisée, essayant ce faisant de poursuivre ou de se rapprocher des objectifs fixés par les politiques publiques.Les analyses des interactions des individus, l’étude des documents qui circulent entre eux, les observations in situ ainsi que les entretiens ont permis de révéler comment les individus développent des « conventions » (Diaz-Bone & Thévenot, 2010) à la fois pratiques et langagières pour se comprendre et mener leurs activités et reconnaissent certaines « manières de faire » (de Certeau, 1900) comme étant les plus pertinentes pour résoudre les énigmes auxquelles ils sont confrontés. Même si les acteurs n’en ont pas conscience, l’ensemble de ces éléments, ancrés, actualisés et plus récents, forment ainsi une matrice (Kuhn, 1962) interprofessionnelle au sein de laquelle se développent les actions et se constituent des références communes qui influent fortement sur tout ce qui se joue et est produit au sein de et par ce système. Tout en agissant dans cette dimension matricielle, les acteurs continuent de l’alimenter en s’engageant dans des instances collectives. D’une part les individus y assoient la défense de leurs propres représentations et conceptions des injonctions et objectifs, d’autre part ils essaient de trouver ou de partager des moyens d’actions propres à assurer la mise en œuvre des moyens qui permettront de les atteindre ou de les approcher, oscillant dans ces modes de cheminement entre éthiques professionnelle, morale et même plus personnelle.

The daily arrangements : how local individuals reconfigure public policies : Analysis of the enforcement of an « Educative Success Programm »

Abstract. The public policies display targets, think about and elaborate injunctions which have a purpose to frame the public territorial activities. However our study shows how these intentions are not always aligned with the collective skills, the potentialities of comprehension, the capacities of appropriation and the possibilities of enforcement to reach the goals in the territories, not even the capacities to understand and perform the public activity. The workers are urged by the short delays imposed. They don’t have much time to understand the issues, to engage a problematization process and to build the most suitable engineering to enforce the public territorial activity. Through our ethnographic approach, we wanted to observe how the workers create some daily practices beyond the rules and the frames settled up for us, while they try to follow or get closer to the policies targets. By using the interactionnism analysis, the documents which circulate or not between the workers and their interviews, we were able to show how the individuals elaborate some practical and language agreements (Diaz-Bone & Thévenot, 2010) to understand each others, carry out particular activities and recognize some « ways of doing » (de Certeau, 1990) as the most relevant to solve their problems. Even if the individuals are not aware of it, all the elements, grounded, actualized and the most recent of them, belong to an interprofessionnal matrix. The activities and the mutual references expand in this matrix. These aspects influence the issues and the productions within and through this system. While acting on the matrix, the individuals nourish it by committing in the collective. On one hand the individuals are able to protect their own representations and conceptions of the policies injunctions and targets. On the other hand they try to find and share their own ways to act by their own to reach the targets. They are constantly swinging between moral, professionnal and personal ethics.

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Les statistiques des empires

Compter, classer, connaître et dominer

Journée d’études par visioconférence – Vendredi 18 décembre 2020, 9 h – 17 h 30

La journée vise à éclairer la fabrication, les usages et les finalités des statistiques des empires à travers des situations et des époques distinctes. Centrée sur les statistiques publiques, celles qui sont fabriquées par et pour des Autorités politiques, elle interroge plus particulièrement la relation entre statistiques et pouvoirs et entre statistiques et domination.

ORGANISATION : Emmanuelle Sibeud | université Paris 8, IDHE.S
Béatrice Touchelay | université de Lille, IRHiS

Cette journée d’études a pour objet l’étude des circulations d’idées et de pratiques statistiques dans et hors des empires, mais également la formation des statisticiens, de leurs relations avec les autorités territoriales, avec les colons et avec les populations locales. Il s’agit également de comprendre comment, en dénombrant, en classant, en normalisant les statistiques « officielles » créent du lien, intègrent, marginalisent ou excluent, et s’imposent parmi les attributs essentiels du pouvoir. Le cadre des empires paraît propice pour expliquer et analyser les effets de leur généralisation à l’échelle du monde depuis deux siècles.
Pourquoi les statistiques ont été imposées parmi les critères essentiels de la hiérarchie des nations et en quoi influencent-elles leur développement ? Comment les statistiques participent à la formation, à l’affirmation puis à la transformation (dislocation?) des empires ? Enfin, comment les statistiques accompagnent, préparent, soutiennent et s’adaptent aux transitions politiques et économiques contemporaines?

 

Creators in the get-rich economy: An ‘In Conversation’ with Arnaud Esquerre

Prof Sarah Wilson and Harry Woodlock. The Courtauld, Online-Event

Youtube-Video of the online presentation offered 13 November 2020

“Over the last decade capitalism in the West has undergone a fundamental transformation. How has it changed and what effect has this had on young artists living and working today? Enrichment: A Critique of Commodities is a major new account of modern capitalism, co-authored by Luc Boltanski and Arnaud Esquerre, that examines the ways in which value and wealth are created and the new forms of exploitation that have given rise to what they call the ‘enrichment economy’. With a focus on ‘Creators in the enrichment economy’, this conversation with co-author Arnaud Esquerre will examine the ways in which young artists must adapt in order to survive in this new iteration of capitalism. The event will explore key issues such as competition and exploitation, the agencies and persons responsible for it, and how critique might be formulated, and collective arrangements made, so as to limit its damaging effects on artists and the arts. This event will be of great value for anybody interested in the social and economic transformations shaping our world today and will coincide with the launch of Vital Exhaustion: Late Capitalism and the Crisis of Pain, a new online initiative, co-edited by Professor Sarah Wilson and Harry Woodlock, which seeks to examine the social, economic and political origins of the ‘mental health crisis’ through the lens of contemporary visual culture.” 

Die Ökonomie der Konventionen und der Aufbau Ost – Ein qualitativ-empirischer Vergleich des ost- und westdeutschen Maschinen- und Anlagenbaus

Martin Kirschbaum (2020)

PhD thesis. Potsdam: University of Potsdam

Zusammenfassung. Ein wesentlicher Grund für den fortdauernden wirtschaftlichen Rückstand Ostdeutschlands, im Vergleich zu Westdeutschland, liegt am geringeren Gewicht technologieintensiver Branchen und, damit zusammenhängend, an fehlenden regionalen Wachstumszentren („Clustern“). Die Économie des conventions (EC), ein wirtschaftswissenschaftliches und wirtschaftssoziologisches Paradigma, das in Frankreich in den 80er Jahren entstanden ist, ermöglicht die Analyse von Unternehmen und Märkten und wurde für die vorliegende Dissertation verwendet, um unterschiedliche „Qualitätskonventionen“ in einer vergleichenden Analyse in der west- und ostdeutschen Maschinenbaubranche zu identifizieren. Anhand von Studien des Instituts für Wirtschaftsforschung in Halle (IWH), der Baden-Württembergischen Landesregierung und des Verbandes des Deutschen Maschinen- und Anlagenbaus e. V. (VDMA) wurde das Feld auf fünf ostdeutsche und acht baden-württembergische Raumordungsregionen eingegrenzt und ein qualitativer Stichprobenplan entwickelt. Empirisch wurden 21 leitfadengestützte Experteninterviews mit Geschäftsführern der Maschinen- und Anlagenbaubranche durchgeführt, die mit der Qualitativen Inhaltsanalyse methodisch ausgewertet und dann mit Bezug zur EC zu Idealtypen verdichtet wurden. Im Ost-West-Vergleich zeigte sich, dass für ostdeutsche Unternehmen eine Entwicklung hin zum Systemanbieter, die Projekte koordinieren (Netzwerkkonvention), um damit auf (internationalen) Märkten höhere Preise durchzusetzen (Marktkonvention), am vielversprechendsten ist. Damit einher geht der Aufbau und die Aufrechterhaltung von Netzwerken (Netzwerkkonvention), die Herausforderung besteht aber darin, auch mit Wettbewerbern (Marktkonvention) vertrauensvoll zusammen zu arbeiten. Des Weiteren zeigte sich, dass bei öffentlich geförderten Verbundprojekten („Clusterpolitik“) die Marktkonvention ebenfalls nicht dominant sein darf bzw. sie zumindest Kompromisse mit anderen Konventionen eingehen muss, damit diese Netzwerke nicht nach Ende der Förderperiode auseinander fallen. Diese Befunde decken sich mit Arbeiten aus der Wirtschaftsgeographie und verwandter Fächer, bei denen gezeigt wurde, dass erst ein Gebilde aus spezifischen regionale Institutionen technologisches Lernen ermöglicht bzw. dass insbesondere die gleichzeitige Ausprägung von Konkurrenz- und Kooperationsprinzipien („Coopetition“) auf der gleichen Wertschöpfungsstufe, es Unternehmen ermöglicht, neue wettbewerbsfähige Produkte auf den Markt zu bringen. Eine theoretisch fundierte Clusterpolitik sollte daher nicht nur Vernetzungsaktivitäten (Netzwerkkonvention), sondern auch den Wettbewerb (Marktkonvention) im Cluster mit fördern. Im Fazit wurden dann die Instrumente, die in der Literatur genannt werden, um vorhandene Clusterstrukturen weiter zu entwickeln, mit der rekonstruierten Typologie der Qualitätskonventionen verknüpft.

The economics of conventions and reconstruction of eastern Germany. A qualitative, empirical comparison of eastern German and western German mechanical engineering

Abstract. A main reason for eastern Germany’s persistent economic lag in comparison to western Germany lies in the lower importance of technology-intensive industries and the associated lack of regional growth centres (or clusters). The Économie des conventions (EC) – an economic and sociological paradigm developed in France in the 1980s – enables the analysis of companies and markets and has been applied to this dissertation, in order to identify the different “quality conventions” as part of a comparative analysis of the mechanical engineering sector in western and eastern Germany. Based on studies by the Institute for Economic Research in Halle (Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung – IWH), the State Government of Baden-Württemberg and the Association of German Mechanical Engineering (Verband des Deutschen Maschinen- und Anlagenbaus e. V. – VDMA), the field was limited to five eastern German spatial planning regions and eight in Baden-Württemberg and a qualitative sampling scheme developed. A total of 21 structured expert interviews with managing directors in the mechanical engineering sector were empirically conducted, methodically evaluated by way of qualitative content analysis and then condensed into ideal types with reference to the EC. The comparison between the east and west shows that for eastern German companies, a trend towards system providers that coordinate projects (network convention) in order to thereby assert higher prices on (international) markets (market convention) is most promising. This involves the development and maintenance of networks (network convention), however the challenge lies in trustingly cooperating with competitors (market convention). Moreover, it was found that the market convention for publicly subsidised joint projects (cluster policy) may likewise not be permitted to dominate or it must at least accept compromises with other conventions to prevent these networks from falling apart after the end of the funding period. These findings coincide with work in economic geography and related fields, where it has been shown that only an entity comprising specific regional institutions enables technological learning, or rather that the concurrent expression of competition and cooperation principles (“coopetition”) at the same value creation level enables companies to launch new competitive products onto the market. A sound theoretical cluster policy should therefore not only promote networking activities (network convention) but also competition (market convention) in the cluster. In summary, the instruments named in the literature for further developing existing cluster structures are then combined with the reconstructed typology of the quality conventions.

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Rationalité autoréférentielle et mimétisme

André Orléan

Séminaire le 9 octobre 2020 – 12:00 – 13:30 – Pacte
Sciences Po Grenoble – Amphi F

Lors des crises financières, la panique prend brutalement le pas sur l’euphorie. L’économie casino conduit alors à des situations a priori incohérentes. Cette exubérance des marchés n’est pourtant pas irrationnelle. Bien au contraire, elle révèle la nature autoréférentielle des anticipations sur les marchés financiers. La prise en considération du mimétisme des comportements permet ainsi d’appréhender la déconnexion de la finance avec l’économie réelle et souligne l’impérieuse nécessité de la réguler.

Visioconférence disponible sur / Videoconferencing available on
Google Meet : https://meet.google.com/rpu-qzfb-rbj