Archives de l’auteur : GdL

Capitalism and Labor: Towards Critical Perspectives

Klaus Dörre, Nicole Mayer-Ahuja, Dieter Sauer & Volker Wittke (eds.) (2018)

International Labour Studies, Frankfurt: Campus

About the book. Despite its triumph in the confrontation between the East and the West, doubts concerning the future of capitalism are on the rise. While some point to the ecological limits of economic growth, others emphasize the growing inequality in terms of wealth, life chances, and political influence which calls into question the close connection between capitalism and democracy that countries of the so-called « Global North », or the capitalist centers, have become used to after the Second World War. Under these conditions, it is high time to come to terms with the complex and conflictual relationship between capitalism and labor, and to explore new critical perspectives. Moreover, what role could sociology play in this? After all, the most important lines of friction we envisage today are closely linked to structures and processes, which constitute the very field of labor sociology. How is abstract labor transformed into concrete labor, how is the latter coordinated and controlled, and what implications do the changes which can be discerned on the shop-floor today have for the chances of men and women to take their own decisions about how to work, how to live and how to reproduce their labor power, as individuals and as social collectives? What transformations have occurred with regard to the organizational structures in which labor is performed? If companies take to a disintegration of value chains, outsource parts of their business to other firms or even to individuals, and spread their operations across an ever increasing part of the globe, what effects does this have on power relations between capital and labor, between the « Global North » and the « Global South », and for competition and solidarity among an increasingly fragmented working population? Finally, how can we account for the changing character of the socio-economic system we live in today? If we call it capitalism (as we suggest) what does this tell us about the interrelations between economy, politics, and society? Does the term capitalism refer only to (a specific part of) the economic sphere, or to the system as a whole? Is there one capitalism or a variety of different capitalisms? Has capitalism entered a new phase of development, thus turning into financial market capitalism, and does labor still have a role to play? Questions like these have inspired generations of researchers in labor sociology and beyond. Today, however, they acquire a new urgency: Capitalist development seems to have entered a phase in which crisis has turned from a relatively silent companion of capitalist « innovation » to an overt challenge, as the worldwide economic crisis in the years following 2007 indicates. At the same time, labor is faced by multiple transformations which call into question established modes of production (digitization), employment (precarization), and ways of working and living (as exemplified by a continuous intensification of work and the dissolving of its boundaries, in terms of timing, performance, and work organization). Taken together, these transformations seem to deprive ever more working men and women of the chance to plan and live their lives according to their own wishes, and they provoke fundamental questions: Does capitalism have a future at all? What will and what should it look like? What role will labor play in the future development of this system? This book is based on a collected volume that assembled a wide range of expertise (from predominantly German-speaking countries) in 2012. As we write this introduction to the English edition in the fall of 2017, a new rightist, and in parts fascist, party has just entered the National Parliament (Bundestag), calling themselves « Alternative for Germany ». Their impressive electoral success is described by many observers as the revenge of white male workers for decades of neoliberal « reform ».

In particular:
Sarah Nies & Dieter Sauer: Work – More than employment? Critique of capitalism and the sociology of work, pp. 44-70.
Jörn Lamla: Work and consumption, A new perspctive for economic democracy, pp. 318-334.

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The Interdependence of Spontaneous Order and Institutional Design: Table Manners, Daylight Saving Time, Language and the Erosion of Institutional Design under Communist Rule

Karl-Dieter Opp (2018)

in Sociology and the Invisible Hand, edited by Adriana Mica, Katarzyna M. Wyrzykowska, Rafał Wiśniewski, and Iwona Zielińska. Frankfurt: Lang, pp. 197-228

Abstract: This chapter aims at integrating two literatures that focus on different mechanisms of norm emergence: the spontaneous order tradition and the literature on human design. Spontaneous norm emergence and creation of norms by design are rarely separate processes; they are often concatenated in various ways. We explore their interdependence by analyzing in detail the following examples. (1) Why do table manners that are a spontaneous order evolve without intervention of some central authority? (2) Why does daylight saving time (DST), brought about by human design, not develop as a spontaneous order? (3) Why does the state interfere in the development of language – also a spontaneous order – by imposing spelling reforms in Germany and not in the US? (4) Why was institutional design undermined through the development of a spontaneous order in former communist states? We develop hypotheses
that answer these questions.

Keywords: Spontaneous order; institutional design; conventions; table manners; daylight saving time; language reform

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Assembling the lettuce export markets in East Asia: agrarian warriors, climate change and kinship

Chi-Mao Wang (2018)

Sociologia Ruralis. Online first.

Abstract. Over the past two decades, export-oriented agro-food production and contract farming have been regarded as new panaceas for rural development in Taiwan. With East Asian consumers hungry for fresh lettuce, some Taiwanese farmers have been venturing into lettuce production since the early 2000s. To understand the reconfiguration of the global agri-food economy, commodity/value chain literature has been widely employed by agrarian scholars. However, these approaches have tended to treat the ‘markets’ as unquestioned artefacts. Taking inspiration from a performative approach and assemblage thinking, this paper attempts to unveil the processes from which ‘markets’ emerge. Following Deleuze and Guattari’s propositions, I argue that agri-food export markets are ongoing processes through which heterogeneous actants are held stable or fall apart. With reference to ethnographic fieldwork conducted in Maixing community, I show that the lettuce export market is a heterogeneous assemblage, in which all enlisted actants can act to territorialise/de-territorialise the market assemblage. This paper furthers our understanding of the geographies of market-making and opens up the black box of markets.

Link to the review

Changing perspective: performativity, institutional fact and convention

Nicolas Brisset (2019)

in N. Brisset, Economics and Performativity: Exploring Limits, Theories and Cases, pp. 120-154

Lien vers la thèse soutenue le 11 décembre 2014

Abstract. The objective of this chapter is to redefine performativity in such a way that the difficulties inherent to the standard performativist sociology can be overcome. More precisely, this chapter will develop an approach to performativity that will better consider its failures. Searle’s work, which develops social thought by reconciling subjectivism and objectivism, will serve as the philosophical foundation for my approach. Reviewing Searle’s work is a necessary step towards developing an understanding of performativity as a construction of the social world that is also limited by the social world. This approach is built upon the concept of “institutional fact” and upon the evidence of a “metaphysical burden”. The institutional facts come from individual representations that both make up society and impose a burden on it. This concept will be the basis of a new point on performativity: for performativity to take place, a new institutional fact must be implemented in a world that resists it. The definition of institutional fact deployed by Searle states that it is the support of the assignment of functions taking the form of “X counts as Y in a context C.” An institutional fact is therefore a common representation of the world which allows certain decisions to be made. Following from the above, economics “performs” the social world as soon as it allows the emergence of new assignments of function – for example, “X counts as a commodity”, which means that X will be treated and traded according to a set of rules rooted in a theory of markets. The question of the failure of performativity thus arises: how can a theory fail to become an institutional fact defined as an assignment of function? Searle’s approach will prove to be inadequate in answering this question, particularly as his treatment of the way a function assignment becomes a benchmark for an entire community is too vague. As a result, it will be necessary to redefine institutional fact using the concept of convention borrowed from David Lewis, with the intention of understanding why individuals follow assignments of function. This work will be done in two stages. Firstly, it will clearly express Lewis’ definition of a convention as an essential complement to the assignment of functions; secondly, it will highlight that this notion reveals three conditions necessary for the performativity of a theory: empiricism, selffulfilment and complementarity with conventions already set in place within the social space. This work will require that we define what is meant by a theory in a conventionalist framework.

About the book. Economists do more than merely describe an external economic world. They shape it in the image of their theories and models. This idea, following the philosophy of language, puts forward that economic theories are performative, and not only descriptive.
This idea has become a powerful critique of the scientificity of economics since it removes the idea of an external world against which our description could be evaluated as truth. If any theory can become true, there are no true theories per se because there is no such thing as a pre-existing economy to describe. Is such a relativist stance a fatality? This is the question at stake in this book. Furthermore, the author asks if any theory is able to ‘perform’ the social reality, or are there actually some limits to performativity? For philosophers, a performative statement is a statement that cannot fail to mean something, but can fail to do what it calls for. The state of the world may or may not be changed; the performative statement may be happy or unhappy. In economic terms, this can be interpreted as: some theories change the world while some do not. This book argues that this possibility of failure, a perspective previously missing from discussions on the subject, should be at the heart of any definition of failure.
Taking on the question of why some theories change the world while others do not, this volume will be of interest to those studying advances courses on the philosophy of economics as well as those studying and researching in the areas of the philosophy of sciences and sociology of science and economics.

Excerpt: « The notion of convention will be at the heart of our reasoning. Borrowed from David Lewis, in line with the French economics of conventions, it allows the determination of certain mechanisms that lead to the failure of performativity. The idea of convention refers in a first approximation to a social device of perception of the world, indicating to the actors the ways they must act when facing certain situations and circumstances. Thus, to be guided by a technical device is to accept a standard of action. The problem with performativist sociology is therefore not so much the valorisation of the role of technical objects as the evacuation of the social in the definition of the human component of socio-technical devices: considering that technical devices are the prime elements in the construction of reality, we forget the conditions under which they take their place within a social world that precedes them. Our disagreement will be, on this point, as much epistemological as ontological: not only is the convention, as social entity, a concept necessary to the understanding of the life in community, but it is also a real object which it is advisable to approach by our theories. This ontological position will be the philosophical foundation of the approach developed here. » (Introduction p. 6)

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The “trilemma” of non-financial reporting and its pitfalls

Pierre Baret & Vincent Helfrich (2018)

Journal of Management and Governance, Vol. 22, pp 1–27

Abstract. This research aims to show that the non-financial reporting tool collides with nexus of constraints which we will qualify as a “trilemma”: (1) the constraint linked to the complexity, the irreducibility and the scalability of corporate social responsibility (2) the constraint linked to inherent stakes of non-financial reporting (3) the constraint linked to company expectations. The inscription of the tool within the nexus of constraints can be more or less effective, depending on how the points of convergence or friction are managed between the different constraints. In this way, three categories of possible pitfalls appear. Idealistic reporting, lay reporting or technical reporting. To conclude we discuss the possibility that Integrated Reporting < IR> can be an “optimal” solution between these pitfalls and the limits of this possibility.

Link to the article

Managing Autonomy: Analyzing Arts Management and Artistic Autonomy through the Theory of Justification

Bård Kleppe (2018)

Journal of Arts Management, Law, and Society 48(3), pp. 191-205

Abstract. Arts management has commonly been analyzed as a microcosm of the art field, in which struggles between artistic, economic, administrative, and societal considerations are constantly being fought. Using the field theory of Bourdieu, scholars have attempted to uncover levels of functional differentiation within arts organizations, and interpreted differentiation between artistic considerations and economic and administrative considerations as a core element in defining the artistic autonomy of such organizations. In this article, I present an alternative approach to the interpretation of artistic autonomy in arts management. Through the stories of three artistic directors and the way in which they run their theatres, I aim to show the theory of justification (developed by Boltanski and Thévenot) and shed new light on the interpretation of arts management, as well as on the understanding of artistic autonomy more generally.

Keywords: Arts management; autonomy, of art; differentiation, theory of justification

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Varieties of Scandinavian universalism. A comparative study of welfare justifications

Morten Frederiksen  (2018)

Acta Sociologica. Online first.

Abstract. Attitudes research shows that the Scandinavian, universal welfare regime receives strong popular support. Why the inhabitants consider this universal model of welfare appropriate is, however, all but unknown. This paper explores the level of welfare attitudes and welfare legitimacy to investigate the cultural standards of worth which justify the universal welfare state to people in Sweden and Denmark. A total of 115 qualitative interviews conducted in Denmark and Sweden in 2013–2014 are analysed to determine and compare the principles of valuation Danes and Swedes employ in evaluating their universal welfare states. Findings include a general cross-country consensus on generalised reciprocity; however, Swedes emphasise security and emancipation, while, in contrast, Danes emphasise societal efficiency and risk pooling.

Keywords: Welfare attitudes, universal welfare regime, comparative interview study, Sweden, Denmark, moral economy, justification

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Can We Still Speak the Language of Unemployment? Some Reflections Based on the French Experience

Michel Lallement (2018)

In: Amparo Serrano-Pascual & Maria Jepsen (eds.), The Deconstruction of Employment as a Political Question. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 247-270.

Abstract. This chapter adopts the hypothesis that, as a commonly accepted noun in the French language, unemployment—chômage—lends itself to analysis by means of linguistics. On the semantic level, between the conventions initially adopted to define unemployment and the realities that attempts are today being made to pinpoint, name and measure, the gap has been growing, in recent decades, at an accelerated pace. On the syntactic level, the unending quest for the right figures—in the plural—reveals the difficulty of devising coherent indicators for unemployment. It is nonetheless remarkable to witness, this time on a pragmatic register, the frequency with which the public authorities are tempted to adjust the measuring instrument in an attempt to mitigate the politically disastrous impact of escalating unemployment figures.

About the book. The wide-ranging European perspectives collected here aim to analyse, by means of an interdisciplinary approach, the numerous implications of a massive shift in the conception of “work” and the category of “worker.” Economic crisis and digitalization have exacerbated a crisis in those categories of thought and political action that previously allowed us to discuss—and problematize—vulnerability in employment in terms of unfairness, inequality, and inadequate protection. Engaging with the deconstruction of traditional employment as a central category for theorizing the phenomenon of work, this volume explores the new semantic fields and territories that have become available for theorising, understanding, and regulating employment. These new linguistic categories have implications beyond language alone: they produce a reformulation of the conventional wisdom concerning the whole category of waged employment (aspects previously taken for granted as to the meaning of work and of being “a worker”), as well as other closely associated categories such as unemployment, self-employment, or inactivity.

Link to the chapter

The Boundaries of Unemployment Institutional Rules and Real-Life Experiences

Didier Demazière (2019)

In: Serrano-Pascual A., Jepsen M. (eds) The Deconstruction of Employment as a Political Question. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham

Abstract. This text examines current trends in unemployment by focusing on its boundaries. These are considered as fluctuating, and two aspects of their dynamics are successively analysed. A first institutional dimension refers to the evolution of norms and rules contributing to the establishment of social and legal statuses and to access to material resources (unemployment benefits, employment policy measures). A second, biographical, dimension focuses on subjective experiences, including the meanings invested in the unemployed condition (affiliation, identity claims) and future projections (accessible and valued positions). We argue that these two types of boundaries evolve in contradictory directions: a contraction and an enlargement of unemployment. These contradictory tendencies ultimately challenge the permanence of the category of unemployment.

About the book. The wide-ranging European perspectives collected here aim to analyse, by means of an interdisciplinary approach, the numerous implications of a massive shift in the conception of “work” and the category of “worker.” Economic crisis and digitalization have exacerbated a crisis in those categories of thought and political action that previously allowed us to discuss—and problematize—vulnerability in employment in terms of unfairness, inequality, and inadequate protection. Engaging with the deconstruction of traditional employment as a central category for theorizing the phenomenon of work, this volume explores the new semantic fields and territories that have become available for theorising, understanding, and regulating employment. These new linguistic categories have implications beyond language alone: they produce a reformulation of the conventional wisdom concerning the whole category of waged employment (aspects previously taken for granted as to the meaning of work and of being “a worker”), as well as other closely associated categories such as unemployment, self-employment, or inactivity.

Link to the chapter

Optimisation in a context of financialisation

Eve Chiapello (2019)

In: Vera King, Benigna Gerisch & Hartmut Rosa  (eds.) Lost in Perfection. Impacts of Optimisation on Culture and Psyche. London: Routledge, pp. 11-23.

Introduction. « My reflections on the importance and role of the concept of optimisation in our society will start from a conventionalist viewpoint, taking a particular interest in the calculation operations required for optimisation and the associated conventions used, especially for quantification (Diaz-Bone and Salais 2011; Diaz-Bone and Didier 2016). Optimisation is originally a branch of mathematics and computer science that seeks to model, analyse and solve problems analytically or numerically. Its aim is to determine which solution(s) will satisfy a quantified objective under certain constraints. I, therefore, seek to understand and decode the content of optimisation techniques. The concept of the convention draws attention to the many choices made to produce an optimisation technique. These choices consist of setting conventions: conventions for valuation, classification, calculation, for example. Every single operation is marked by the seal of some partly arbitrary choice between several possible options. Other choices could have been made, other conventions selected. Optimisation is indeed a quest that may take various forms. It all depends on what is being optimised and the kind of modelling adopted. I also consider that quantification systems have a history and that it is possible to sketch out that history by identifying some major turning points in our calculation methods. Desrosières (2003), for example, analyses the relationships between conceptualisations of the state’s role in economic affairs and certain statistical tools. I consider that forms of optimisation evolve in response to changes in capitalism. »

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Regimes of justification: competing arguments and the construction of legitimacy in Dutch nature conservation practices

Irma Arts, Arjen E. Buijs,  & Gerard Verschoor (2018)

Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 61 (5-6), pp. 1070-1084

Abstract. Legitimacy of environmental management and policies is an important topic in environmental research. Based on the notion of « regimes of justification », we aim to analyse the dynamics in argumentations used to legitimize and de-legitimize Dutch nature conservation practices. Contrary to prior studies, we demonstrate how actors in two locations where environmental disputes arose showed little willingness to switch between arguments in order to reach a compromise. Instead, some actors constructed incompatibilities between arguments in order to delegitimize competing actors. Especially in the visioning phase, institutional actors emphasized technical efficiency, planning and global environmentalism, and arguments related to emotional accounts, inspiration and locality were de-legitimized. In the discussion, we argue that it is not the formal or informal inclusion of the actors in the process, but the construction of the legitimacy of their arguments that determines the inclusiveness and outcome of the process.

Keywords: nature conservation, legitimacy, implementation, public support, residents, The Netherlands

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(Be)Werten. Beiträge zur sozialen Konstruktion von Wertigkeit

Stefan Nicolae, Martin Endreß, Oliver Berli & Daniel Bischur (2019)

Soziologie des Wertens und Bewertens. Springer VS, Wiesbaden

About the book. Fragen der Wertigkeit prägen gegenwärtig alle Lebensbereiche. Ziel dieses Auftaktbandes der neuen Publikationsreihe „Sociology of Valuation and Evaluation (SVE) / Soziologie des Wertens und Bewertens“ ist die Anregung eines sozialwissenschaftlichen Dialogs zu Phänomenen des Wertens und Bewertens über disziplinäre Analysen hinweg, in dem theoretische und methodische Zugriffe sowie methodologische Implikationen einer vergleichenden Soziologie des Wertens und Bewertens thematisiert werden. Dieser Anspruch wird in der programmatischen Einführung sowie den konzeptionellen Studien entfaltet und durch Beiträge zu den Themenfeldern Bildung und Wissenschaft empirisch untersucht.

Two parts:
● Konzeptionelle Studien: Sozialkalkulation; Vom Komparativ zum Superlativ; Vielfältige Formen des Engagiert-Seins als Grundlage von Gemeinschaft und Persönlichkeit; Sichtbarkeit und Emotionalität als Elemente von Bewertungsprozessen; Positionierungsmacht; Zur Kontextualisierung von Bewertungsprozessen
● Empirische Studien: Empfehlungen und Marktwert; Organisierte Humanevaluation; Folgen universitärer Leistungsbewertungen für das berufliche Handeln von Hochschulprofessoren; Urteilen unter Beobachtung; Bewertungspraktiken in klinischen Räumen

In particular:
Stefan Nicolae, Martin Endreß, Oliver Berli & Daniel Bischur:  Soziologie des Wertens und Bewertens. pp 3-20
Uwe Vormbusch: Soziokalkulation. pp 23-44
Laurent Thévenot: Vielfältige Formen des Engagiertseins als Grundlage von Gemeinschaft und Persönlichkeit. pp 81-112
Michèle Lamont: Evaluierungskriterien und kulturelle Strukturen. pp. 113-124

Link to the complete table of contents (13 chapters)

The Antibiotic Challenge: Justifications for Antibiotic Usage in the World of Medicine

Kim Sune Jepsen & Inge Kryger Pedersen (2019)

In: Carsten Strøby Jensen, Søren Beck Nielsen & Lars Fynbo (eds.), Risking Antimicrobial Resistance. A collection of one-health studies of antibiotics and its social and health consequences. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 183-198

This chapter is a micro-sociological exploration of the justifications that Danish general practitioners adopt to support antibiotic usage in their clinical practices. Based on qualitative in-depth interviews with 21 general practitioners in Denmark, the chapter looks upon the clinic as a particular social world (a justificatory regime) in which different antibiotic treatment strategies are qualified and justified in regard to moral and societal concerns. The chapter demonstrates how the medical application of antibiotics is accompanied by different justifications concerned with efficiencies, general civic interests, localized knowledge and more pervasive ‘green issues’ linked to how to secure sustainable societal usage through political intervention.

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Uncertain Futures – Imaginaries, Narratives, and Calculation in the Economy

Jens Beckert & Richard Bronk (eds.) (2018)
Oxford: Oxford Universtiy Press

Uncertain Futures considers how economic actors visualize the future and decide how to act in conditions of radical uncertainty. It starts from the premise that dynamic capitalist economies are characterized by relentless innovation and novelty and hence exhibit an indeterminacy that cannot be reduced to measurable risk. The organizing question then becomes how economic actors form expectations and make decisions despite the uncertainty they face.

This edited volume lays the foundations for a new model of economic reasoning by showing how, in conditions of uncertainty, economic actors combine calculation with imaginaries and narratives to form fictional expectations that coordinate action and provide the confidence to act. It draws on groundbreaking research in economic sociology, economics, anthropology, and psychology to present theoretically grounded empirical case studies. These demonstrate how grand narratives, central bank forward guidance, economic forecasts, finance models, business plans, visions of technological futures, and new era stories influence behaviour and become instruments of power in markets and societies. The market impact of shared calculative devices, social narratives, and contingent imaginaries underlines the rationale for a new form of narrative economics.

1: An Introduction to Uncertain Futures, Jens Beckert and Richard Bronk
Section I: The Nature of Expectations in Modern Political Economies
2: Expectations, Narratives, and Socio-Economic Regimes, Robert Boyer
3: Conviction Narrative Theory and Understanding Decision-Making in Economics and Finance, David Tuckett
4: Arctic Futures: Expectations, Interests, Claims, and the Making of Arctic Territory, Jenny Andersson
Section II: The Strange World of Economic Forecasting
5: The Interactional Foundations of Economic Forecasting, Werner Reichmann
6: Escaping the Reality Test: How Macroeconomic Forecasters Deal with ‘Errors’, Olivier Pilmis
7: Uncertainty in Macroeconomic Modelling, Andrew G. Haldane
Section III: The Role of Narratives and Planning in Central Banking
8: A Tractable Future: Central Banks in Conversation with their Publics, Douglas R. Holmes
9: Central Bank Planning? Unconventional Monetary Policy and the Price of Bending the Yield Curve, Benjamin Braun
Section IV: Constructing Futures in Finance
10: Predicted Uncertainty: Volatility Calculus and the Indeterminacy of the Future, Elena Esposito
11: Uncertain Meanings of Risk: Calculative Practices and Risk Conceptions in Credit Rating Agencies, Natalia Besedovsky
Section V: Managing Expectations in Innovative Business
12: Processing the Future: Venture Project Evaluation at American Research and Development Corporation (1946-1973), Martin Giraudeau
13: Discounting and the Making of the Future: On Uncertainty in Forest Management and Drug Development, Liliana Doganova
14: The Dilemma between Aligned Expectations and Diversity in Innovation: Evidence from Early Energy Technology Policies, Timur Ergen

Link to the book

Datengesellschaft Einsichten in die Datafizierung des Sozialen

Daniel Houben & Bianca Prietl (eds.) (2018) Bielefeld. Transcript

Karoline Krenn: Do digital markers have politics? Die digitale Markierung von Identität und die Konstruktion von Marktordnung. pp. 181-206.

„In ihrem Aufsatz Do digital markers have politics? Die digitale Markierung von Identität und die Konstruktion von Marktordnung nimmt Karoline Krenn unintendierte Effekte zukunftsorientierter, datenbasierter Geschäftsprozesse in den Blick. Am Beispiel der Identifikation persönlicher Bonitätsprofile von Verbraucher_innen, die von Datenfirmen über die Auswertung digitaler Datenspuren erzeugt und dann zur Beurteilung der Kreditwürdigkeit genutzt werden, zeigt sie, wie aus zunächst nur der ökonomischen Rationalität der Bank dienenden digitalen Markierung für ökonomische Transaktionen im Zuge der Kreditvergabe diskriminierende Klassifikationen werden. Indem sie die soziotechnische Gemachtheit dieser digitalen Identitätsmarkierungen darlegt, richtet sie den Fokus auf die Macht- und Verteilungsverhältnisse hinter den sich herauskristallisierenden sozialen Ordnungsgefügen der Datengesellschaft. »

Rainer Diaz-Bone: Neue Ausschließungsdynamiken durch Big Data-generierte Unsichtbarkeiten, Inkohärenzen und ungleiche Zeitlichkeiten. pp. 207-230.

„Rainer Diaz-Bones Beitrag Neue Ausschließungsdynamiken durch Big Data-generierte Unsichtbarkeiten, Inkohärenzen und ungleiche Zeitlichkeiten wirft einen konventionentheoretisch informierten Blick auf die sozialen Grundlagen von Prozessen digitaler Datafizierung. Im Fokus steht dabei das Zusammenfallen von einerseits numerischen Repräsentationen und andererseits Normativitäten, die sich in Konvention niederschlagen. Hierzu untersucht er anhand von Märkten und der amtlichen Statistik, unter welchen Bedingungen diese Verbindungen in der Datengesellschaft problematisch, exkludierend und widersprüchlich werden. Er argumentiert, dass sozialen Repräsentationen und Datenanalysen jeweils gegenläufige Entwicklungen und unterschiedliche Zeitlichkeiten unterliegen, was zu gesellschaftlich wirksamen Paradoxien und Exklusionsmechanismen führt, denen jedoch das Problem anhaftet, nicht der öffentlichen Diskussion bzw. politischen Kontrolle zugänglich zu sein.“