Archives par étiquette : formation

Les réseaux d’entreprises formatrices: une nouvelle forme d’apprentissage en Suisse

Regula Leemann, Sandra Da Rin & Christian Imdorf (2016)

Formation emploi, 133, pp. 139 – 156

Résumé. Les réseaux d’entreprises formatrices constituent un modèle du système de formation professionnelle en alternance Suisse. Petites et moyennes entreprises peuvent ainsi mutualiser la formation des apprentis. Quelles raisons poussent les entreprises à participer à ce nouveau type d’organisation ? Quels conflits et tensions naissent au sein de ces réseaux ? Les analyses s’appuient sur quatre cas de réseaux et sur la théorie de l’économie des conventions. Ces réseaux naissent d’une pluralité de motifs de participation, source d’insatisfaction dans les entreprises et de conflits dans les réseaux tout au long du parcours de formation.

Training networks: A New Form of Apprenticeship in Switzerland

Abstract. Training networks are a model of vocational training in the dual VET system in Switzerland. Small and medium-sized enterprises can train apprentices jointly. Drawing on four case studies of training networks in Switzerland and on the theory of the economics of convention, two questions are treated : What are the motives of training companies for participation in a training network ? Which conflicts and tensions arise from the joint training of apprentices ? The results demonstrate the plurality of motives for participation in a training network, resulting in dissatisfaction of the training companies and ongoing conflicts in the network over the course of the training.

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Cooperative VET in Training Networks: Analysing the Free-Rider Problem in a Sociology-of-Conventions Perspective.

Regula Leemann and Christian Imdorf (2015)

In: International Journal for Research in Vocational Education and Training (IJRVET) 2(4), pp. 284-307

Abstract. In training networks, particularly small and medium-sized enterprises pool their resources to train apprentices within the framework of the dual VET system, while an intermediary organisation is tasked with managing operations. Over the course of their apprenticeship, the apprentices switch from one training company to another on a (half-) yearly basis. Drawing on a case study of four training networks in Switzerland and the theoretical framework of the sociology of conventions, this paper aims to understand the reasons for the slow dissemination and reluctant adoption of this promising form of organising VET in Switzerland. The results of the study show that the system of moving from one company to another creates a variety of free-rider constellations in the distribution of the collectively generated corporative benefits. This explains why companies are reluctant to participate in this model. For the network to be sustainable, the intermediary organisation has to address discontent arising from free-rider problems while taking into account that the solutions found are always tentative and will often result in new free-rider problems.