Archives quotidiennes :

Between Daily Routine and Violent Protest

Interpreting the Technicity of Action

Ernst Wolff (2021)

Berlin: De Gruyter.

Extract: “2 On Critique
Let us first consider from which perspective and to what extent the previous five chapters may be called critical. Roughly following Luc Boltanski, I distinguish between two kinds of social scientific critique on the basis of their “simple” or “complex” exteriority. One assumes a position of simple exteriority by taking a spectator’s position, outside of the normal unfolding of social events, in order to subject the phenomena to careful study and reporting. Here, critiquing means bringing to light what may be overlooked, or what may be too vast to be observed by participants in the usual course of events. Critique is then exercised as if the aspect of reality studied appears arbitrary, but has to be clarified as necessary. Furthermore, such scientific work is critical in pursuing accurate and coherent descriptions, learning from experts and falsifiable reporting. By contrast, one assumes a position of complex exteriority by first taking the position described as simple exteriority (since critiquing in the second sense depends on the descriptive accuracy provided by the first). But this is coupled with a normative assessment. Critiquing in this sense fulfils the functions of unmasking or denouncing. It typically exposes what things are and the values they have obtained in society as exploitative, dominating or unjust, rather than as just powerful.” (pp. 160-161)

Link to the book

Perception of Quality Attributes in Short Agri-food Chains

Andréa Scalco, Gilberto Ganga, Sandra Oliveira, Roberta Piao, Machado Pigatto & João Guilherme Gessuir (2021)

International Journal on Food System Dynamics, 12(2), pp. 108-124.

Abstract. This paper aims to identify quality attributes in products from short agri-food chains, highlighting the perception of these attributes in three types of short chains (face-to-face, spatial proximity, and spatially extended). We conducted a survey with 904 consumers in six distribution channels. The results indicate that the perception of quality attributes for consumers in short agri-food chains is not homogeneous. The results also shed light on the mechanisms adopted for transmitting information from producer to consumer in spatially extended short chains, restricted to the use of seals or brands.

Extract: “The quality turn underscores a shift in the quality concept of the industrial world emphasizing trust, tradition, custom, history, and ecological practices instead of standardization of products and processes (Murdoch and Mielle, 1999; Murdoch, 2000). This modern concept for product quality can be explained by the convention theory, which explains the behavior of consumers in the process of purchasing agri-food products. The convention theory addresses sociological aspects in the assessment processes of consumer product quality (Migliore et. al, 2015).” (p. 111)

Link to the article