Archives mensuelles : mai 2016

Special Issue « Conventions and Quantification – Transdisciplinary Perspectives on Statistics and Classifications » Historical Social Research

Rainer Diaz-Bone & Emmanuel Didier (Eds.) (2016)

Historical Social Research, 41(2).

In the last few decades, the field of “quantification” – namely the “sociology of quantification” – has evolved and it has shown an impressing development. There are many different strands of science contributing research on processes of quantification and the impact of quantification within social contexts. The concept of quantification is positioned at the crossroad linking approaches such as accounting theory, convention theory (économie des conventions), sociology and history of statistics, analysis of commensuration, sociology of standards and of standardization, analysis of benchmarking, and others.

Alain Desrosières was an internationally renowned scholar in the fields of sociology of quantification and history of statistics. His work can be regarded as the most important contribution to this field. Desrosières was also a “compagnon de route” of the French movement of the so-called “économie des conventions” which postulated the convention-based (and therefore social) nature of qualities, categories and quantities. Consequently, Desrosières’ work was also one of the main inspirations for this HSR Special Issue.

This HSR Special Issue presents recent and transdisciplinary research on the history and sociology of quantification. Building upon the work of Desrosières, this issue includes contributions on the history of science from the eighteenth century to today, covering topics such as: the millennium development goals, financial quantification, and quantification in higher education environments. All in all, the contributions work out the “political economy” as well as the “political sociology” of statistics, categorization, and quantification.

Furthermore this HSR contains a Mixed Issue with one article on „Societal Malaise and Ethnocentrism in the European Union: Monitoring Societal Change by Focusing on EU Citizens’ Perceptions of Crisis ».

Contributions

Les réseaux d’entreprises formatrices: une nouvelle forme d’apprentissage en Suisse

Regula Leemann, Sandra Da Rin & Christian Imdorf (2016)

Formation emploi, 133, pp. 139 – 156

Résumé. Les réseaux d’entreprises formatrices constituent un modèle du système de formation professionnelle en alternance Suisse. Petites et moyennes entreprises peuvent ainsi mutualiser la formation des apprentis. Quelles raisons poussent les entreprises à participer à ce nouveau type d’organisation ? Quels conflits et tensions naissent au sein de ces réseaux ? Les analyses s’appuient sur quatre cas de réseaux et sur la théorie de l’économie des conventions. Ces réseaux naissent d’une pluralité de motifs de participation, source d’insatisfaction dans les entreprises et de conflits dans les réseaux tout au long du parcours de formation.

Training networks: A New Form of Apprenticeship in Switzerland

Abstract. Training networks are a model of vocational training in the dual VET system in Switzerland. Small and medium-sized enterprises can train apprentices jointly. Drawing on four case studies of training networks in Switzerland and on the theory of the economics of convention, two questions are treated : What are the motives of training companies for participation in a training network ? Which conflicts and tensions arise from the joint training of apprentices ? The results demonstrate the plurality of motives for participation in a training network, resulting in dissatisfaction of the training companies and ongoing conflicts in the network over the course of the training.

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