Archives mensuelles : mars 2015

La théorie des conventions en géographie économique : un éclairage apporté par l’application à l’industrie espagnole du vin

Eugenio Climent-López &  José Luis Sánchez-Hernández (2015)

Géographie, économie, société, 17, p. 25-50.

Le cadre théorique des conventions et des mondes de production permet de comprendre les tendances actuelles dans le système agroalimentaire. La conceptualisation de la qualité des aliments, l’émergence de réseaux alimentaires alternatifs et les processus d’innovation dans le système agroalimentaire ont tous été étudiés à partir de la typologie des conventions et des mondes de production. Cette littérature est essentiellement qualitative et repose sur des études de cas. Cet article présente une approche quantitative permettant de mesurer les conventions et de situer les producteurs de denrées alimentaires dans les différents mondes de production. La base empirique est un échantillon de douze AOC viticoles espagnoles. En utilisant des sources de données officielles ou ouvertes, vingt-huit indicateurs ont été définis pour mesurer les six types de conventions dans chaque AOC, et dix-huit ont été choisis pour identifier les mondes de production. Cette méthode montre la contribution de l’analyse quantitative, face au discours qualitatif dominant et suggère que d’autres études comparatives peuvent servir aux entreprises agroalimentaires pour soutenir leurs décisions stratégiques.

Convention theory in economic geography: a perspective provided by the application to the Spanish wine industry

The theoretical framework of conventions and worlds of production provides useful support to understand the current trends in the agro-food system. The conceptualization of food quality, the emergence of alternative food networks and the innovation processes in the food system have all been addressed by using the typologies of conventions and worlds of production. This body of academic literature is mostly qualitative and based on case studies. This article discusses a quantitative approach to the measurement of conventions and the allocation of food producers to different worlds of production. The empirical support comes from a sample of twelve Spanish PDO wine districts. By using official or open-data sources, twenty-eight indicators have been designed to measure the six kinds of conventions in each wine district, and eighteen ones have been chosen to identify worlds of production. This methodology shows the contribution of quantitative analysis to the prevailing qualitative discourse and suggests that further comparative studies may be useful for food cluster partners to support strategic decisions.

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Special Issue « Law and Conventions from a Historical Perspective » Historical Social Research

Rainer Diaz-Bone, Claude Didry & Robert Salais (Eds.) (2015)

Historical Social Research, 40(1).

The institutional approach of economics of convention (in short, EC) has been established in France over the last three decades and since then received growing international recognition. From its beginnings, EC has introduced a pragmatic as well as a historical perspective on economic coordination and economic institutions. Also, EC has included law in its analysis from the start. EC conceives law not as an external constraint, but as internal to action and coordination open to interpretive and situational adoption by competent actors. Consequently, for the socio-historical analysis of law, EC analyzes the meaning of law from the standpoint of actors which rely in their coordination on conventions. This HSR Special Issue demonstrates that the approach of EC in the socio-historical analysis of law can be a real transdisciplinary alternative to approaches such as “Law & Economics” or economic neo-institutionalism.

  • Rainer Diaz-Bone, Claude Didry & Robert Salais: Conventionalist’s Perspectives on the Political Economy of Law. An Introduction.
  • Rainer Diaz-Bone: Institutionalist and Methodological Perspectives on Law – Contributions of the Economics of Convention.
  • Claude Didry: The Institutional Foundations of “Labor Conventions” in France between the Wars.
  • Christian Bessy: The Dynamics of Law and Conventions.
  • Michela Barbot: When the History of Property Rights Encounters the Economics of Convention. Some Open Questions Starting from European History.
  • Frédéric Marty: Towards an Economics of Convention-Based Approach of the European Competition Policy.
  • Edward Lorenz: Work Organization Conventions and the Declining Competitiveness of the British Shipbuilding Industry, 1930-1970.
  • Lisa Knoll: The Hidden Regulation of Carbon Markets.
  • Noel Whiteside: Who were the Unemployed? Conventions, Classifications and Social Security Law in Britain (1911-1934).
  • Simon Deakin: Juridical Ontology: The Evolution of Legal Form.
  • Robert Salais: Europe, Laboratory for A-Democracy?

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