On Gendered Justification: A Framework for Understanding Men’s and Women’s Entrepreneurial Resource‐Acquisition

Talia Pfefferman, Michal Frenkel & Sharon Gilad (2021)

Journal of Management Studies, Online first

Abstract. Studies of gender in entrepreneurship acknowledge that gender norms are at the root of women’s disadvantage in resource‐acquisition but provide limited guidance on how societal (macro‐level) norms and their gendering influence entrepreneurs’ micro‐level behaviours and stakeholders’ decisions within local contexts. To address this lacuna, we draw on gender theory and French Pragmatist Sociology (FPS) to offer G‐FPS: an analytical and methodological framework of resource‐claiming as a process of justifying, engaging and testing, embedded in normative context that constructs gender roles and social worth. Through analysis of a historical case of business resource‐acquisition in pre‐state Israel, we theorize and demonstrate how local gendered norms steered men and women to diverge in their justifications and self‐presentation when making their claims, and how stakeholders evaluated those claims according to their fit with situated gender expectations. We thus illustrate how macro‐level gender norms infiltrate and operate within micro‐level processing, persistently favouring men over women.

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An outline of a pragmatic sociology of ‘violence’

Alexandre Werneck, Cesar Pinheiro Teixeira & Vittorio da Gamma Talone (2020)

Sociologias, 22 n° 54, pp. 286-326. Open access.

Abstract. In this article we propose a model for a pragmatic sociology of violence. Based on a semiotic analysis of a primordial cognitive operation deployed in people’s definition of situations, namely qualification, the essential characterization of things, the paper maps the meanings attributed to what both ordinary social actors and academic analysts treat as violence. Our analysis shows that this operation imbues a concrete object with meaning, the disproportionate use of force, whose resignifications compose a typology of five ‘sociologies of violence,’ both native and academic. These are: substantivist, constructivist, political, critical, and praxiological. To this gallery, we suggest the addition of another item: a pragmatic sociology. Taking the sign ‘violence’ as an interpretant, this sociology seeks to understand how, in people’s qualifications, it functions as a connection between moral metaphysics (worldviews in which the deployment of disproportionate force makes sense) and devices capable of effectuating them.

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Big Observation – Ein Vergleich moderner Beobachtungsformate am Beispiel von amtlicher Statistik und Recommendersystemen

Big Observation—Comparing Population Statistics and Recommender Systems as Modern Formats of Observation

Bettina Heintz (2021)

Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie. Online first

Zusammenfassung. Der Beitrag verortet digitale Technologien in der Geschichte moderner Beobachtungsformate. Das Konzept des Beobachtungsformats verhilft dazu, Einrichtungen in einen Zusammenhang zu bringen, die auf den ersten Blick wenig miteinander zu tun haben: die amtliche Statistik, die Meinungs- und Marktforschung, Monitoringsysteme und digitale Beobachtungsinstrumente wie Suchmaschinen, soziale Netzwerke oder Recommendersysteme. Die Gemeinsamkeit liegt darin, dass es sich in allen Fällen um Instanzen handelt, die regelmäßig Daten erheben und in diesen Daten nach Ordnungsmustern suchen. Sie sind markante Beispiele des Quantifizierungsschubs, der die (westlichen) Gesellschaften seit dem 18. Jahrhundert erfasst hat. Der Beitrag greift zwei Beispiele heraus – die Bevölkerungsstatistik als historisch erstes modernes Beobachtungsformat und personalisierte Recommendersysteme als prototypischen Fall digitaler Beobachtungsinstrumente – und vergleicht sie in Hinblick auf ihre Beobachtungstechnik: Wie werden die Zahlen fabriziert, mit deren Hilfe die amtliche Statistik die Gesellschaft beobachtet, und welche Beobachtungsverfahren setzen Recommendersysteme ein, um zu personalisierten Empfehlungen zu gelangen, und welche Rolle spielen dabei Vergleich, Bewertung, Kategorisierung und Quantifizierung? Der Vergleich macht nicht nur sichtbar, wie Statistiken und digitale Technologien beobachten und worin sich ihre Beobachtungstechnik unterscheidet, sondern er gibt auch Aufschluss darüber, wie sich die Praktiken und Prämissen sozialer Beobachtung in den letzten 200 Jahren verändert haben.

Abstract. The article situates digital technologies in the history of modern formats of observation. The term “format of observation” helps to relate devices and systems that at first sight do not have much in common: official statistics, opinion and market research, monitoring instruments, and digital technologies such as search engines, social networks, and recommender systems. Despite their differences, they share one important characteristic: By collecting huge amounts of data and by systematically looking for patterns in these data, they are striking examples of the rise of quantification since the 18th century. This article draws on two examples—population statistics as the historically first modern format of observation and recommender systems as a prominent example of digital observation technologies—and compares them with regard to their technique of observation. How do statisticians produce the numbers that are represented in statistical tables? And how do recommender systems calculate personalized recommendations? Comparing these two cases not only sheds light on how official statistics and digital technologies observe but also provides insight into the practices and premises of social observation over the last two hundred years.

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„Who are we and how many?“ – Zur statistischen Konstruktion globaler Personenkategorien

“Who Are We and How Many?” Constructing Categories of Persons in International Statistics

Hannah Bennani & Marion Müller (2021)

Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie. Online first

Zusammenfassung. Ausgehend von der Annahme, dass Personenkategorien in internationalen Statistiken nicht nur sichtbar gemacht, sondern auch (mit-)erzeugt, reproduziert und objektiviert werden, fragt der Beitrag danach, wie genau Zahlen über personale Differenzierungen mit einem globalen Geltungsanspruch zustande kommen. Datengrundlage sind Dokumente aus internationalen Organisationen zu den entsprechenden politischen Entscheidungen sowie technische Anweisungen und Methodenhandbücher mit Erhebungsempfehlungen. Mithilfe einer wissenssoziologisch inspirierten Detailanalyse werden die üblicherweise nicht mehr sichtbaren Schritte der Quantifizierung anhand ausgewählter Beispiele (u. a. „Alter“, „Geschlecht“, „Ethnizität“, „Behinderung“) rekonstruiert: angefangen bei der begrifflichen Standardisierung personaler Merkmale, über ihre Operationalisierung und Festlegung von Indikatoren bis hin zur Aggregation der Einzelfälle zu Zahlen auf Weltebene. Dabei werden sowohl die Spannungen sichtbar, die zwischen der möglichst differenzierten Erfassung verschiedener Personen und der enormen Komplexitätsreduktion von Zahlen bestehen, als auch die Herausforderungen der Etablierung eines globalen Äquivalenzraumes. Der Beitrag verbindet damit vor allem Fragen der Kategorisierungs- und Quantifizierungsforschung und liefert innovative Einsichten darüber, wie genau kategoriale Differenzierungen zwischen Menschen in Zahlen transformiert und mit Objektivität versehen werden.

Abstract. Based on the assumption that categories of persons are not only made visible in international statistics but are also (co)produced, reproduced, and objectified by these statistics, the paper investigates the practices of their statistical construction. To this end, we reconstruct the production of numbers using selected examples such as “age”, “gender”, “ethnicity”, and “disability”. Our results rely on document analyses of international organizations’ political decisions, technical instructions, and manuals. With the help of detailed analysis inspired by the sociology of knowledge, the usually invisible steps of this quantification process are made visible. We show, step by step, how personal characteristics are defined, operationalized, and made observable, and, ultimately, how crosses in questionnaires become globally aggregated numbers. Our analysis exposes the tension between attempts to record people’s diversity and the enormous reduction of complexity through numbers. The specific challenges of establishing universally applicable forms of classification also become apparent. The contribution thus combines questions of categorization and quantification research. It provides innovative insights into how categorical differentiations between people are transformed into numbers and presented as social facts.

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Quantificação, Estado e participação social

Quantification, State and Social Participation

Special issue

Sociologias, (2021) Vol. 23 no 56. Open access

Apresentação. Em seu número 56 Sociologias apresenta o dossiê “Quantificação, Estado e participação social”, buscando evidenciar a importância de a Sociologia ampliar sua atenção para as operações e os regimes de quantificação nas sociedades contemporâneas. O dossiê explora as contribuições que o campo tem a oferecer para a reflexão sobre as questões nodais da disciplina, como o problema dos fundamentos da ordem social e da autoridade política, os processos de diferenciação social e configuração de subjetividades, a participação social, a crítica e a agência social transformadora.

Presentation. In its 56th issue Sociologies presents the dossier « Quantification, State and Social Participation », seeking to highlight the importance of Sociology broadening its attention to the operations and regimes of quantification in contemporary societies. The dossier explores the contributions that the field has to offer to the reflection on nodal issues of the discipline, such as the problem of the foundations of social order and political authority, the processes of social differentiation and configuration of subjectivities, social participation, critique and transformative social agency.

Jalcione Almeida: Editorial – A quantificação como objeto sociológico

Alexandre de Paiva Rio Camargo, Renato Sérgio de Lima, Daniel Veloso Hirata: Quantificação, Estado e participação social: potenciais heurísticos de um campo emergente / Quantification, State and social participation: heuristic possibilities for an emerging field. https://www.seer.ufrgs.br/sociologias/article/view/113100

Alexandre de Paiva Rio Camargo, Claudia Jorgelina Daniel: Os estudos sociais da quantificação e suas implicações na sociologia / Social studies of quantification and its implications in sociology.  https://www.seer.ufrgs.br/sociologias/article/view/109768 [Portuguese and English versions]

Emmanuel Didier, Isabelle Bruno: O “estatativismo” como uso militante da quantificação / “Statactivism” as a militant usage of quantification / Le « statactivisme » comme usage militant de la quantification. https://www.seer.ufrgs.br/sociologias/article/view/105471 [Portuguese and French versions]

Mara Loveman: A política de um cenário de dados transformado: estatísticas etnorraciais no Brasil em uma perspectiva comparativa regional / The politics of a datascape transformed: ethnoracial statistics in Brazil in regional comparative perspective. https://www.seer.ufrgs.br/sociologias/article/view/109784 [Portuguese and English versions]

Samira Bueno, Renato Sergio de Lima, Arthur Trindade M. Costa: Quando o Estado mata: desafios para medir os crimes contra a vida de autoria de policiais / When the State kills: challenges to measure crimes against life by police.  https://www.seer.ufrgs.br/sociologias/article/view/109753

Natalia de Lacerda Gil: A quantificação da qualidade: algumas considerações sobre os índices de reprovação escolar no Brasil / The quantification of quality: some considerations on the school failure rates in Brazil. https://www.seer.ufrgs.br/sociologias/article/view/109753 [Portuguese and English versions]

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The un/making of forms. Formographic inquiries into practice, accountability, and infra-critique

International workshop organized by Ingmar Lippert (IT University Copenhagen) and Susann Wagenknecht (Technical University Dresden)
at Technical University of Dresden 2-3 September 2021

Program Extract: “[…] As formality is made and unmade (Smart et al. 2017), forms help organize far-flung coordination and gain salience as prerequisite of accountability. They furnish the yardsticks of critique. With this workshop, we draw attention to the situated relation of form and critique that emerges from the ever changing tangle of practice. We suggest exploring « infra-critiques »—critiques ‘from within’ shifting forms of life (Verran 2014, Jaeggi 2018). Analyses of critique ‘from within’ emphasize the multiplicity and limitations of formal assessment. They help examining how in/form/alities boost and marginalize different modes of benchmarking and evaluation, denunciation and appraisal, determination and indetermination (Boltanski & Thévenot 1999). Requirements for specific in/form/ation, e.g., can feed authoritative regimes of control while effectively undermining accountability and attenuating critique (Lippert 2018). Against this backdrop, we are interested in formographic inquiries that problematize the enactment of form as a fixed, detached point of reference. […]
The workshop will take place at the Technical University Dresden, Germany, September 2-3, 2021. The workshop is designed as collective learning process, focusing on submissions that rely upon ethnographic materials to engage in the nexus of form, practice, critique, and accountability. To this end, we ask participants to circulate workshop papers (2,000w), accompanied by a digitally reproducible object (with permissions), prior to the workshop.

Link to the complete presentation

Big Data: Some Ethical Concerns for the Social Sciences

Michael Weinhardt (2021)

Social Sciences, 10, 36. Open Access

Abstract. While big data (BD) has been around for a while now, the social sciences have been comparatively cautious in its adoption for research purposes. This article briefly discusses the scope and variety of BD, and its research potential and ethical implications for the social sciences and sociology, which derive from these characteristics. For example, BD allows for the analysis of actual (online) behavior and the analysis of networks on a grand scale. The sheer volume and variety of data allow for the detection of rare patterns and behaviors that would otherwise go unnoticed. However, there are also a range of ethical issues of BD that need consideration. These entail, amongst others, the imperative for documentation and dissemination of methods, data, and results, the problems of anonymization and re-identification, and the questions surrounding the ability of stakeholders in big data research and institutionalized bodies to handle ethical issues. There are also grave risks involved in the (mis)use of BD, as it holds great value for companies, criminals, and state actors alike. The article concludes that BD holds great potential for the social sciences, but that there are still a range of practical and ethical issues that need addressing.

Extract: “BD also opens up completely new possibilities for political interference, state control, and surveillance. In the political realm, the Facebook/Cambridge Analytica scandal showed how the harvesting of personal information on social networks may be used to develop data-driven political campaigns, even if they are designed to misinform or spread falsehoods to influence election results (Confessore 2018). The knowledge gained on the connection between social and political attitudes and preferences proved to be useful to influence people’s political preferences. This helps political campaigns in micro-targeting their political ads, but also was exploited by Russian intelligence agencies in Western elections by using bots and false accounts to spread false and misleading information to undermine unwanted and promote more desired candidates and parties, respectively. This poses grave risks not only at the individual level, but also to whole political systems.
State actors have for some time now recognized the vast potential that comes with the digitalization of life and communication. Historically, official statistics have been developed by state actors to govern their populations (Diaz-Bone 2019) and administrations use BD for this purpose too (Thévenot 2020). For example, database matching has always been a desire of police forces and security agencies as they claim it helps them identifying and catching criminals and terrorists. With the advent of widespread security cameras in private as well as public spaces, the developments in face recognition software, computing power, and bandwidth, the police increasingly receive the power to track almost anyone anywhere for (hopefully) legal purposes.” (p. 6)

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The Impact of New Ways of Working on Organizations and Employees: A Systematic Review of Literature

Karine Renard, Frédéric Cornu, Yves Emery & David Giauque (2021)

Administrative Sciences, 11(2), pp. 1-18. Open access

Abstract. A new research stream emerged in the 2000s dedicated to flexible work arrangements in public and private organizations, called “new ways of working” (NWW). This article aims to examine NWW from both a theoretical and empirical perspective, focusing on definitional issues as well as on HR outcomes of this new concept. Current definitions of NWW are manifold and based on rather vague theoretical foundations. As NWW outcomes may be both positive and/or negative, we mobilize the “mutual gains” vs. “conflicting outcomes” theoretical debate to discuss the results of our literature review. This review is based on 21 articles (out of 90 initially selected for eligibility) dealing with NWW as a concept or as a bundle of practices. Findings demonstrate that NWW definitions are diverse and somewhat imprecise, lacking theoretical foundations and leading to fragmented research designs and findings. Findings also highlight the current lack of empirical data, which therefore does not allow any real conclusions on NWW’s effects on employees’ and organizations’ well-being and performance.

Extract: “As we show below, these author discrepancies are at least partially due to an under-theorization of NWW. In the 21 reviewed articles, only eight anchor NWW in an existing theoretical framework (see Table 1), including the job demands–resources model (Gerards et al. 2018b; Peters et al. 2014; Van Steenbergen et al. 2017), HR-management process model (Peters et al. 2014), economics of conventions (Brandl et al. 2019), sociology of translation (Jemine et al. 2019), Lefebvre’s theory on production of space (Kingma 2019), and signaling theory (Schmoll and Süß 2019). These theoretical perspectives are as varied as they are difficult to compare. While the J-DR model is well known in the field of organizational commitment and well-being studies, the same cannot be said of signaling theory, which aims to focus more strongly on the communication processes within organizations. As for the economics of conventions, inspired by the central work of Boltanski and Thévenot (1991), it questions the existence of common “superior worlds or principles” influencing individual behaviors and competing in each organization. The legitimacy of NWWs can in fact be apprehended in very different ways depending on the values or principles on the basis of which the evaluation of professional activities is carried out. The sociology of translation, or Actor–Network Theory (Callon and Latour 1981), states that organizations should not be read in terms of social groups, but as networks in which objects and “techniques” or technologies should be seen as real actors. What makes the organization or the social are the relationships and mediations between humans and non-humans in organizations and the analysis should focus on these associations. Lefebvre’s Marxist-inspired theory emphasizes that space is a product, built by human societies, and that once constructed this geographical space has an impact on society. This theory therefore invites us to consider the NWW as a production of space and its impact on work collectives. As can be seen, these different theories do not all share the same ontological and epistemological foundations and do not necessarily contribute to the production of comparable empirical results. The cumulativity of knowledge is therefore not yet favored, despite the diversity of perspectives deployed.”

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The moral work of timing mobilities: ‘limited insight’ and truncated worth in municipal traffic management

Susann Wagenknecht (2020)

Mobilities, 15(5), pp. 694-707.

Abstract. Timing urban traffic is moral work. In this paper, I show how the moral work that goes into timing traffic lights addresses both industrial, civic, and domestic worth in ways that cut generalization short. Relying upon ethnographic fieldwork, this paper focuses on how municipal traffic engineering maintains traffic lights and handles complaints about them. Steeped in moral ambiguity, the paper argues, municipal traffic engineering resorts to singularizing complaints, truncating worth, and working with careful dedication from one contestable compromise to the next. With this argument, the paper contributes to an understanding of the temporal and moral orderings at stake in adjusting and justifying urban mobilities.

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Interpretive Innovation in the Performing Arts: The Role of Organizations

Paola Trevisan (2021)

In: Paolo Demartini, Lucia Marchegiani, Michela Marchiori & Giovanni Schiuma (eds.), Cultural Initiatives for Sustainable Development. Management, Participation and Entrepreneurship in the Cultural and Creative Sector. Cham: Springer, pp. 121-141.

Abstract. This chapter provides an original analysis of innovation in the performing arts, giving centrality to the practices that lead to original interpretations of the works of art that are organized and performed every day by performing arts organizations. In particular, the study examines interpretive innovation as emerging from evaluative practices in which multiple principles and performance criteria concur in the definition of value. Stark’s notions of heterarchy, lateral accountability, and creative friction are applied to analyze the development of an original interpretation in an Italian opera house. The analysis demonstrated how innovation emerges from the interplay of multiple performance criteria. These criteria are based not only on the different technical and discipline-specific requirements involved in the production of live performances (industrial principles) but also on a number of individual sensitivities (the inspiration principle). The analysis also demonstrated that a meaningful organization of diversity generates frictions that are productive of novel and unexpected interpretations. The chapter contributes to our understanding of innovation in the performing arts by highlighting the role of performing arts organizations in setting up complex evaluative processes that lead to a re-generation of cultural heritage and sustain its transmission.

Extract: “Stark, drawing mainly from John Dewey’s theory of valuation (1939) and Luc Boltanski and Laurent Thévenot’s economies of worth (2006), states that the interplay of diverse valuation principles generates perplexing and troubling situations that prompt search and innovation. Valuation principles, according to Boltanski and Thévenot (2006), are organizing mechanisms that allow individuals to assess and distribute value in real situations around a notion of the common good.” (p. 125)

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Legitimising EU Governance through Performance Assessment Instruments

Bartolomeo Cappellina (2020)

International Review of Public Policy, 2(2), pp. 141-158. Open access.

Abstract. The article addresses the production of indicators as policy instruments in European public policy. It discusses the relevant literature on sociology of quantification and European public policy and applies this theoretical framework to the case of European judicial administration policy. Presenting the historical and institutional premises to the creation of two projects of judicial performance assessment by the Council of Europe and the European Commission, as well as their methodology, the article argues that the selection of indicators is a litmus test of debates over the strategies and institutional goals of the organisations proposing them. Connecting the previous analysis with the use of these instruments in the policy-making sphere, the article points out that evaluation tools in European policy, rather than serving merely as informative tools, produce empowerment side-effects in the policy arena for the organisations that developed them. In European judicial policy, indicators provide a sufficiently loose framework to solve vertical and horizontal cooperation problems at the international level, determine policy goals through the selection of areas of measurement and evaluation, and provide proof to influence local and national policy-makers over reforms either through lesson-drawing, persuasion or conditionality.

Extract: “The article is relevant for scholars in International and European public policy in at least three ways. First, following a flow of research in development studies and international relations (Davis, Fisher, Kingsbury, & Merry, 2012; Dixon, Hood, & Jones, 2008; Kelley & Simmons, 2015), the article links the diffusion of indicators with the development in European states of what has been called a Neo-Liberal governmentality, or New Public Management reforms (Christensen & Lægreid, 2011; Desrosières, 2011; Hood, 1991). […]
Judicial indicators and European policy
The sociology of quantification and technology of governance is a prism through which the elaboration of indicators on judicial systems as instruments serving the production of specific visions of the functioning, goals and rules of justice can be envisaged. A fundamental step in this perspective is to analyse the contexts and actors involved in their development in order to clarify the linkage between the knowledge that informed the production of indicators (Penissat & Rowell, 2014) and the knowledge that is to be produced through them. The latter influences political decision making and frames problems as well as solutions of policy that are not socially or politically neutral (Lascoumes & Le Galès, 2007), as they derive from a specific construction of reality that actors perform through statistics (Desrosières, 2011).” (p. 142/144)

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Governing racial justice through standards and the birth of “White diversity”: A Foucauldian perspective

Milena Doytcheva (2020)

Journal of Marketing Management, 36, pp. 1338-1365.

Abstract. Drawing on a longitudinal qualitative approach to corporate diversity policies in France, based on more than 80 in-depth interviews (N = 86), this paper examines the paradox conveyed within these policies by the rise of ‘raceless’ diversity concepts. This is what I term White diversity, exploring its construction and appropriation in the light of technologies of normalisation, referred to in English as standards. Building on a Foucauldian approach to normalisation, the paper engages with the case study of the French Diversity Label. It explores the ways in which market-based mechanisms of regulation have shaped the management of race difference. It demonstrates in particular how normalising antidiscrimination through voluntary social certification has contributed to upholding whiteness in organisations.

Extract. “Yet, these developments in framing diversity at the beginning of the 21st century should be recast within a broader tendency of late neoliberal capitalism towards ‘governing by standards’ – technical rather than legal (Thévenot, 1997, 2009; see also Guthman, 2007; Brown & Getz, 2008). According to Thévenot, at the turn of the century, traditional normativity, ensured by national law and the judiciary underwent a major change. With the overwhelming position granted to market co-ordination, market mechanisms are expected to inscribe into the ‘certified properties of things’ concerns for fundamental goods, such as safety, health, the environment, and now racial justice and equal opportunity.”

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Storifying routines and routinising stories: A dualistic subject positioning analysis of controversies about constraints on patient autonomy

Simon Smith (2021)

Journal for the Theory of Social Behavior, 51(1), pp.  145-163.

Abstract. This paper uses subject positioning theory to explore how conflicts between autonomy and protection are managed in the justification of controversial care arrangements for patients with mental/neurological illness. Its basic argument is twofold: firstly, to justify or propose care arrangements at strategic or contentious moments, actors position illness as an actant and make it present in talk‐in‐interaction, exploiting alignments and misalignments between the there and then of reported events and the above and beyond of shared societal discourses to say what matters and what’s to be done here and now; secondly, the introduction of authoritative voices from elsewhere involves imbricating narrative and routine sequences in order to prioritise different subjectivities. Dilemmas opposing autonomy and protection may seem less intractable if we adopt a corresponding perspective interplay between narrative and routine situational readings.

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Review of “Luc Boltanski and Arnaud Esquerre (2020): Enrichment: A Critique of Commodities. Cambridge: Polity.”

Gaby Harris & Mike Savage (2021)

Journal of Classical Sociology. Online first, pp. 1-7.

Introduction: “This book initially reads as relic of a dying breed: a weighty tome of ‘Theory’ duly delivered from the consecrated HQ of global theory development, Paris, by one of the world’s most distinguished social theorists, Luc Boltanski, alongside his co-author, Arnaud Esquerre. To offer extended discussions of enrichment and wealth with little corresponding attention to poverty, scarcity, stigma and exploitation flies in the face of the current ‘turn to inequality’, which has been the dominant social science trend over the past decade. The very style, and at times ponderous tone, of the book – with much theoretical speculation, many vignettes, but no systematic data analysis – appears out of keeping with our times. The impression of an old-fashioned theory book might be reinforced by a superficial browsing. Over 400 pages of dense text, packed with analytical elaborations and abstractions, coming to a head with a remarkable Appendix which systematizes the ‘Structures of Commodity Exchange’ in a set of algebraic formulations which most readers will find hard to fathom. Nonetheless, make no mistake, this is an arresting and impressive book which repays serious attention.”

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Quand équipe pédagogique et partenaires professionnels participent de concert au recrutement d’étudiants en alternance

When the teaching staff and professional partners work together to recruit internship students

Michel Le Nir & Sonia Lefeuvre (2021)

Sélections, du système éducatif au marché du travail : XXVIèmes journées du longitudinal, Toulouse, 12-13 novembre 2020. Céreq Echanges, pp. 85-96.

Extrait. “Nous rappellerons dans une première partie la manière dont la sélection est définie, mais surtout mise en pratique par les IUT. Nous indiquerons brièvement les modes d’actions privilégiés sur le marché du travail et la manière dont ils ont pu évoluer. Nous proposerons une rapide mise en perspective des pratiques au sein des deux environnements à la lecture de la typologie/cartographie proposée dans Façons de recruter (Eymard-Duvernay, Marchal, 1996).” (p. 86)

Extract: « In the first part, we will recall the way in which selection is defined, but above all put into practice by the IUTs. We will briefly indicate the preferred modes of action on the labor market and the way in which they may have evolved. We will propose a quick perspective on the practices within the two environments by reading the typology/mapping proposed in Façons de recruter (Eymard-Duvernay, Marchal, 1996). » (p. 86)

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