The circular economy at the heart of French sustainable public policies: what are the consequences?

Nicolas Buclet (2020)

In: Miguel Brandão, David Lazarevic & Göran Finnveden (eds.), Handbook of the Circular Economy. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, pp. 307-314

Extract. “The whole analysis will rest on the analysis of conventions (Boltanski and Thévenot, 1991). This theory is based on the analysis of the speech of actors. It aims at understanding the values and principles underlying the intentions of actors and how they evolve through time. Conventions are understood as the shared interpersonal logics on how to coordinate and evaluate actions, individuals and objects (Diaz-Bone, 2011). Boltanski and Thévenot (1991) have identified six conventions: the inspired, domestic, fame, civic, market and the industrial; Lafaye and Thévenot (1993) have identified a green convention; and Boltanski and Chiapello (1999) a project-oriented convention. Of particular relevance to this chapter are the industrial and green conventions. The industrial convention relies on the principle of efficiency, productivity and capacity to ensure that operations respond usefully to needs; and the green convention relies on the principle of the contribution of good to the environment.” (p. 308)

Link to the chapter