Archives par étiquette : technology

De l’affirmation d’une distribution alimentaire connectée

Samuel Deprez (2016)

Netcom, 30-1/2, p. 81-118

Résumé. Longtemps restée discrète, popularisée depuis quelques années avec le succès des drives d’enseignes, la distribution alimentaire connectée s’affirme désormais dans les parcours d’achats des ménages et modifie leurs « univers d’approvisionnement ». Des supermarchés en ligne à la vente de particuliers à particuliers, elle revêt des formes plurielles selon les acteurs qui les initient et les systèmes de valeurs qui les portent. Toutes singulières, elles illustrent chacune la nature des changements portés par le numérique dans ce secteur et constituent à leur niveau une expression de la « convention Internet ». L’exemple des drives fermiers est ici retenu pour proposer une lecture territorialisée de cet e-commerce alimentaire qui prend place dans le paysage commercial, modifie les pratiques d’achats et le rapport aux circuits traditionnels de la distribution alimentaire.

Abstract. Having long been a low key affair but made popular over the last few years with the success of leading retailers’ click and drive facilities, connected grocery retailing is now firmly established in the shopping habits of households and has modified their “supply world”. From online supermarkets to sales between individuals, it has taken on myriad forms according to the actors initiating the value systems that support them. They are all different and each one illustrates the nature of the changes introduced by digital technology in this sector and at their level represent an expression of the “Internet convention”. The example of farm click and drives is used here to put forward a territory-based reading of food e-commerce taking place in the commercial sphere, modifying purchasing practices and the relationship to traditional channels of grocery retailing.

Article en ligne/ Online article

As convenções das Políticas de Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação no Brasil: do Estado Empreendedor à crise do Estado Facilitador

Victor Luiz Alves Mourao (2017)

Sinais 21(1), pp. 132-154

Abstract. The article aims to conduct an analysis of Brazilian science, technology and innovation policies departing from the convention theory, a perspective that arises at the interface between sociology and economics through a focus on the situational contestation of the coordination of actions. The connection between these situations and the elaboration of policies and institutions is formulated as a problem, proceeding to the historical recapitulation of the historical process of building Brazilian scientific and technological institutions, with special attention to Science and technology public policies and conferences organized by the governments which focused to promote debate over the subject. In this way, it is possible to carry out an analysis that identifies the normative principles (cités) involved in the process of formulation, implementation and execution of the policies of science and technology, allowing to clarify continuities and discontinuities of Brazilian historical trajectory.

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